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Table 3 The odds ratios of housing environment and other related risk factors for depression by cumulative logistic regression models

From: Association between housing environment and depressive symptoms among older people: a multidimensional assessment

Variables Multivariable adjusted P value
Odd Ratios 95% CI
Model 1
 Do you think that your house is clean and comfortable (y/n) sa 10.75 4.39 26.31 < 0.001
 Air pollution and noise around house (n/y) pe 2.72 1.41 5.25 0.002
 High levels of social support (points) 0.81 0.75 0.88 < 0.001
 Low frequency of contact with children (weeks) 1.36 1.09 1.70 0.006
 Long time before falling asleep (min) 1.58 1.31 1.89 < 0.001
 Regular physical activity (n/y) 0.45 0.27 0.72 0.001
 High EPQ scores (points) 1.16 1.10 1.22 < 0.001
Model 2
 Do you think that your house is clean and comfortable (y/n) sa 3.47 1.14 10.82 0.003
 Long residence times (yr.) pe 1.04 1.01 1.12 0.042
 Air pollution and noise around house (n/y) pe 3.32 1.66 8.75 0.002
 Low life satisfaction (y/n) pse 5.43 1.61 6.04 < 0.001
 Poor cognitive and physical function (points) ce 1.09 1.05 1.14 < 0.001
 Poor neighborhood communication (times) se 2.01 1.21 3.36 < 0.001
 Living alone se 1.44 0.60 3.49 0.340
 High levels of social support (points) 0.82 0.73 0.92 < 0.001
 Low frequency of contact with children (weeks) 1.35 1.02 1.77 0.035
 High EPQ scores (points) 1.16 1.10 1.24 < 0.001
 Long time before falling asleep (min) 1.45 1.16 1.70 < 0.001
  1. sa: self-assessed housing environment
  2. pe: physical attributes of the housing environment
  3. se: social attributes of the housing environment
  4. pse: psychological attribute of housing environment
  5. ce: cognition attribute of housing environment