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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants by gender in the study

From: Association between housing environment and depressive symptoms among older people: a multidimensional assessment

Variable categories Men (N = 391) Women (N = 547) All (N = 938)
n % n % n %
Age (yr.)
 60–69 233 (59.6) 346 (63.2) 579 (61.7)
 70–79 135 (34.5) 157 (28.7) 292 (31.1)
  ≥ 80 23 (5.9) 44 (8.1) 67 (7.2)
Education levels (yr.)
 0–6 45 (11.5) 132 (24.1) 177 (18.9)
 7–9 166 (42.5) 191 (34.9) 357 (38.1)
 10–12 98 (25.1) 120 (22.0) 218 (23.2)
 13+ 82 (20.9) 104 (19.0) 186 (19.8)
Individual income
 ¥0 to 1999 235 (60.1) 319 (58.3) 554 (59.1)
 ¥2000 to 3999 88 (22.5) 155 (28.3) 243 (25.9)
 ¥4000 and Over 68 (17.4) 73 (13.4) 141 (15.0)
Marital status
 Married 354 (90.5) 400 (73.1) 754 (80.4)
 Non-married 37 (9.5) 147 (26.9) 184 (19.6)
Smoking status
 Yes 120 (30.7) 8 (1.5) 128 (13.7)
 No 271 (69.3) 539 (98.5) 810 (86.3)
Alcohol use
 Yes 151 (38.6) 41 (7.5) 192 (20.5)
 No 240 (61.4) 506 (92.5) 746 (79.5)
Regular physical activity
 Yes 136 (34.8) 239 (43.7) 375 (40.0)
 No 255 (65.2) 308 (56.3) 563 (60.0)
Chronic disease status
 Yes 263 (67.3) 365 (66.7) 628 (67.0)
 No 128 (32.7) 182 (33.3) 310 (33.0)
Time before falling asleep (min)
  ≤ 10 124 (31.7) 157 (28.7) 281 (30.0)
 11–29 59 (15.1) 105 (19.2) 164 (17.5)
 30–59 134 (34.3) 171 (31.3) 305 (32.5)
  ≥ 60 74 (18.9) 114 (20.8) 188 (20.0)
Depression score (points)
  <  5 324 (82.9) 421 (76.9) 745 (79.4)
 5–9 54 (13.8) 107 (19.6) 161 (17.2)
  ≥ 10 13 (3.3) 19 (3.5) 32 (3.4)