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Table 3 Demographic variables in relation to risk for pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls analysed by multivariate logistic regression and expressed as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)

From: Prevalence of risk for pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls – a register study among older persons receiving municipal health care in southern Sweden

Independent variables Dependent variables
Variables Categories Risk of pressure ulcers Risk of malnutrition Risk of poor oral health Risk of falls
Type of housing Home health care Reference Reference Reference Reference
  Short term nursing care 2.50 (1.95–3.17) 6.10 (4.64–7.90) 1.21 (0.97–1.51) 1.84 (1.45–2.33)
  Nursing homes 2.68 (2.31–3.10) 1.32 (1.20–1.48) 1.41 (1.25–1.58) 1.65 (1.47–1.84)
  Dementia care units 2.79 (2.35–3.32) 1.83 (1.59–2.09) 1.96 (1.70–2.26) 2.24 (1.92–2.61)
Age groups (years) 65–74 Reference Reference Reference Reference
  75–84 1.37 (1.17–1.60) 1.31 (1.15–1.51) 0.79 (0.69–0.91) 1.44 (1.20–1.61)
  85–94 1.13 (0.98–1.32) 1.10 (0.98–1.25) 0.70 (0.62–0.80) 1.49 (1.30–1.71)
  95–106 1.25 (1.05–1.50) 1.15 (0.99–1.35) 0.71 (0.61–0.84) 2.09 (1.75–2.49)
Municipalities Smaller towns/urban areas and rural municipalities Reference Reference Reference Reference
  Medium-sized towns/municipalities near medium-sized towns 0.99 (0.90–1.09) 1.11 (1.02–1.20) 0.91 (0.83–0.99) 1.04 (0.94–1.14)
  Large cities/municipalities near large cities 1.05 (0.94–1.17) 1.19 (1.08–1.32) 0.83 (0.75–0.91) 1.21 (1.08–1.36)
Sex Men Reference Reference Reference
  Women 1.20 (1.10–1.30) 1.11 (1.03–1.20) 0.90 (0.83–0.98)
  1. Note: Significant risk factors are depicted in bold