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Table 2 Prevalence of risk for pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls in according to type of housing, age groups, BMI, municipalities and sex (n = 12,518)

From: Prevalence of risk for pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls – a register study among older persons receiving municipal health care in southern Sweden

Type of housing Short term nursing care
n = 487
Home health care
n = 1692
Nursing homes
n = 8558
Dementia care units
n = 1781
P values
< 0.05*
Risk of pressure ulcers 139 (28.5) 233 (13.8) 2573 (30.1) 553 (31.0) A, D, E
Risk of malnutrition 413 (84.8) 801 (47.3) 4715 (55.1) 1115 (62.6) A, B, C, D, E, F
Risk of poor oral health 152 (31.2) 470 (27.8) 2906 (34.0) 751 (42.2) C, D, E, F
Risk of falls 375 (77.0) 1078 (63.7) 6448 (75.3) 1428 (80.2) A, D, E, F
Age groups 65–74
n = 1152
75–84
n = 3666
85–94
n = 6114
95–106
n = 1586
P values**
Risk of pressure ulcers 265 (23.0) 1099 (30.0) 1656 (27.1) 478 (30.1) 0.070
Risk of malnutrition 601 (52.2) 2182 (60.0) 3374 (55.2) 887 (56.0) 0.506
Risk of poor oral health 472 (41.0) 1299 (35.4) 1992 (32.6) 516 (32.6) < 0.001
Risk of falls 764 (66.3) 2699 (73.6) 4584 (75.0) 1285 (81.0) < 0.001
BMI**** < 18.5
n = 933
18.5–24.9
n = 5639
25.0–29.9
n = 3853
> 30.0
n = 2080
P values**
Risk of pressure ulcers 465 (49.8) 1647 (29.2) 916 (23.8) 465 (22.4) < 0.001
Risk of malnutrition 933 (100) 3739 (66.3) 1605 (41.7) 759 (36.5) < 0.001
Risk of poor oral health 441 (47.3) 1956 (34.7) 1225 (31.8) 656 (31.5) < 0.001
Risk of falls 706 (75.7) 4173 (74.0) 2880 (74.7) 1561 (75.0) 0.643
Municipalities Large cities/municipalities near large cities
n = 2959
Medium-sized towns/municipalities near medium-sized towns
n = 5817
Smaller towns/urban areas and rural municipalities
n = 3742
  P values**
Risk of pressure ulcers 874 (29.5) 1628 (28.0) 996 (26.6)   0.008
Risk of malnutrition 1773 (59.9) 3254 (55.9) 2017 (53.9)   < 0.001
Risk of poor oral health 961 (32.5) 1973 (33.9) 1345 (35.9)   0.003
Risk of falls 2298 (77.7) 4306 (74.0) 2725 (72.8)   < 0.001
Sex Women
n = 8265
Men
n = 4253
   P values ***
Risk of pressure ulcers 2413 (29.2) 1085 (25.5)    < 0.001
Risk of malnutrition 4704 (56.9) 2340 (55.0)    0.044
Risk of poor oral health 2733 (33.1) 1546 (36.4)    < 0.001
Risk of falls 6177 (74.7) 3152 (74.1)    0.449
  1. Note: A=Short term nursing care compared to Home health care; B=Short term nursing care compared to Nursing homes; C=Short term nursing care compared to Dementia care units; D=Home health care compared to Nursing homes; E=Home health care compared to Dementia care units; F=Nursing homes compared to Dementia care units. *Chi square test with the Bonferroni correction for multiple analyses. All the presented p values were p < 0.006. Significant level in the current study was set at p < 0.05. **Test for trend. ***Chi square test. **** BMI was available for 99.9% of the measurements (n = 12,505)