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Table 3 Sociodemographic and health-related characteristics of physically active (more than low) and low/ no active patients

From: Types of leisure time physical activities (LTPA) of community-dwelling persons who have been screened positive for dementia

Variable Physically active patients (more than low)
n = 238
Physically low/ no active patients
n = 198
p Value
(adj.)c
Age, mean (SD) 79.34 (4.93) 81.06 (5.62) .006b
Sex (female), n (%) 130 (54.6) 121 (61.1) .497a
Years of education, mean (SD) 9.74 (2.18) 9.31 (2.10) .253b
Living with partner (no), n (%) 98 (41.2) 116 (58.6) .004a
Living alone (yes), n (%) 107 (45.0) 109 (55.1) .258a
Living environment (urban), n (%) 143 (60.1) 148 (74.7) .012a
Support of informal caregiver (no), n (%) 84 (35.4) 52 (26.4) .258a
Perceived social support (F-SozU), mean (SD) 4.12 (0.63) 3.85 (0.68) < .001b
Cognitive impairment (MMSE), score, mean (SD) 23.04 (4.62) 22.34 (4.99) .497b
Depressive symptoms (GDS > 5) (yes), n (%) 23 (9.7) 44 (22.2) .005a
Incontinence (yes), n (%) 82 (34.5) 82 (41.6) .497a
Pain, last 4 weeks (yes), n (%) 134 (56.3) 117 (59.1) .561a
Functional impairment (B-ADL), score, mean (SD) 2.94 (2.10) 4.15 (2.48) <.001b
Quality of life (QoL-AD), score, mean (SD) 2.87 (0.35) 2.67 (0.35) <.001b
  1. F-SozU Social Support Questionnaire, mean score 1–5, higher score indicates better social support, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, range 0–30, higher score indicates better cognitive functioning, GDS Geriatric Depression Scale, sum score 0–15, score > 5 indicates depression, B-ADL Bayer Activities of Daily Living Scale, range 0–10, lower score indicates better performance, QoL-AD Quality of Life in Alzheimer’s Disease scale, mean sum score 1–4, higher score indicates better quality of life, SD Standard Deviation; a Pearson’s chi-squared test; b Welch’s t-test; c Adjusted p-values based on the Holm-Bonferroni method