Skip to main content

Table 2 Longitudinal associations between four types of social engagement and changes in frailty among Chinese older adults (n = 6562)

From: Social engagement and physical frailty in later life: does marital status matter?

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6
Coef. S.E. Coef. S.E. Coef. S.E. Coef. S.E. Coef. S.E. Coef. S.E.
Interaction with friends
 Not regularly −0.569*** 0.211          −0.568*** 0.212
 Almost every week −1.186*** 0.243          −1.152*** 0.247
 Almost daily −1.358*** 0.171          −1.309*** 0.172
Hobby groups
 Not regularly    −0.832*** 0.275        −0.694** 0.273
 Almost every week    −0.829*** 0.265        −0.544** 0.265
 Almost daily    −1.429*** 0.298        −1.189*** 0.300
Sports groups
 Not regularly      −0.106 0.589      0.086 0.590
 Almost every week      −0.338 0.515      −0.243 0.512
 Almost daily      −1.075*** 0.292      −0.945*** 0.291
Voluntary work
 Not regularly        −0.120 0.226    0.065 0.227
 Almost every week        −0.368 0.455    −0.047 0.456
 Almost daily        −2.084*** 0.604    −1.957*** 0.598
 Married        −1.644*** 0.312    −1.678*** 0.310
  1. Note: All models were controlled for age, financial situation, currently working, smoking status, alcohol consumption, multi-morbidity, self-perceived health status, depression, and wave
  2. Six individuals were excluded due to having missing covariate data, and seven individuals were not included due to more than 20% of deficits were missing
  3. Standard errors all clustered at the individual level. *** P < 0.01, ** P < 0.05, * P < 0.1