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Table 4 Associations between the variables of the psychological dimension of the proposed multidimensional frailty model and the physical phenotype categories. The Frailty in Brazilian Older People Study (FIBRA-BR), 2009–2010

From: A multidimensional approach to frailty compared with physical phenotype in older Brazilian adults: data from the FIBRA-BR study

Psychological dimension Physical phenotype categories  
Non-frail
n (%)
Pre-frail
n (%)
Frail
n (%)
p-value
Depressive symptoms (GDS-15)
 Less than 6 417 (42.0) 341 (27.3) 47 (23.4) 0.001
  6 or higher 576 (58.0) 906 (72.7) 154 (76.6)  
 Total 993 1247 201  
Concern about falls (FES-I Brazil)
 Less than 23 597 (60.4) 537 (43.3) 51 (25.8) < 0.001
 23 or higher 392 (39.6) 704 (56.7) 147 (74.2)  
 Total 989 1241 198  
Feelings of sadness
 No 677 (68.2) 656 (52.6) 97 (48.3) < 0.001
 Yes 315 (31.8) 591 (47.4) 104 (51.7)  
 Total 992 1247 201  
Memory problems
 No 558 (56.3) 559 (45.0) 90 (45.2) 0.001
 Yes 434 (43.8) 682 (55.0) 109 (54.8)  
 Total 992 1241 199  
  1. n number, GDS-15 geriatric depression scale with 15 items, FES-I falls efficacy scale-international