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Table 2 Associations between the variables of the physical dimension of the proposed multidimensional frailty model and the physical phenotype categories. The Frailty in Brazilian Older People Study (FIBRA-BR), 2009–2010

From: A multidimensional approach to frailty compared with physical phenotype in older Brazilian adults: data from the FIBRA-BR study

Physical dimension Physical phenotype categories  
Non-frail
n (%)
Pre-frail
n (%)
Frail
n (%)
p-value
Self-rated health
 Good 616 (62.0) 596 (47.9) 76 (37.8) 0.001
 Poor 377 (38.0) 649 (52.1) 125 (62.2)  
 Total 993 1245 201  
Hearing impairment
 No 762 (76.7) 916 (73.5) 153 (76.1) 0.190
 Yes 231 (23.3) 331 (26.5) 48 (23.9)  
 Total 993 1247 201  
Vision impairment
 No 128 (12.9) 153 (12.3) 24 (11.9) 0.880
 Yes 865 (87.1) 1094 (87.7) 177 (88.1)  
 Total 993 1247 201  
Urinary incontinence
 No 828 (83.4) 944 (75.8) 133 (66.2) < 0.001
 Yes 165 (16.6) 302 (24.2) 68 (33.8)  
 Total 993 1246 201  
Fecal incontinence
 No 961 (96.8) 1184 (95.0) 191 (95.0) 0.109
 Yes 32 (3.2) 62 (5.0) 10 (5.0)  
 Total 993 1246 201  
Sleeping disorder
 No 548 (55.7) 689 (55.5) 106 (52.7) 0.735
 Yes 436 (44.3) 552 (44.5) 95 (47.3)  
 Total 984 1241 201  
  1. n number