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Table 1 Baseline Sample Size and Cohort Characteristics

From: Cardiovascular disease and cumulative incidence of cognitive impairment in the Health and Retirement Study

Variable Incident CVD Group
n = 1305
Matched Control Group
n = 2610
Age (yrs) 73.3 (5.63) 73.3 (5.64)
Women 702 (53.8%) 1455 (55.7%)
Race & Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White 1170 (89.7%) 2218 (85.0%)
 Non-Hispanic Black 69 (5.3%) 193 (7.4%)
 Hispanic 50 (3.8%) 154 (5.9%)
 Other 16 (1.2%) 45 (1.7%)
Education level
 Less than high school 179 (13.7%) 381 (14.6%)
 High school 478 (36.6%) 952 (36.5%)
 More than high school 648 (49.7%) 1277 (48.9%)
BMI (kg/m^2) 27.4 (5.54) 26.7 (4.75)
Married 819 (62.8%) 1684 (64.5%)
Depressive symptoms 163 (12.5%) 207 (7.9%)
Smoking currently 102 (7.8%) 237 (9.1%)
Drinking behavior (past 3 mos)
 Not drinking 891 (68.3%) 1574 (60.3%)
 Low-risk drinker 402 (30.8%) 1015 (38.9%)
 High-risk drinker 12 (0.9%) 21 (0.8%)
Hypertension 927 (71.0%) 1431 (54.8%)
Diabetes 324 (24.8%) 400 (15.3%)
Chronic lung disease 182 (13.9%) 205 (7.9%)
Cancer 278 (21.3%) 515 (19.7%)
TICS-m score 16.6 (2.87) 16.8 (2.91)
  1. Values are mean + − standard deviation or n (%). Race and ethnicity is defined based on participants’ primary response, and ‘other’ for race and ethnicity is defined as American Indian, Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, or something else. High-risk drinking is defined as more than 7 drinks per week or 3 drinks per day for women, or more than 14 drinks per week or 4 drinks per day for men on average over the past 3 months
  2. Abbreviations: CVD cardiovascular disease, BMI body mass index, TICS-m modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status