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Table 3 Associations between sarcopenia and its defining components with risk of MCI in older adults (N = 396)

From: Associations of sarcopenia and its defining components with cognitive function in community-dwelling oldest old

Cognitive impairment Sarcopenia P Value Low musclemass P Value Low muscle strength P Value Low walking speed P Value
All participants OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Unadjusted Model 1.935 (1.211 ~ 3.093) 0.006 1.471 (0.943 ~ 2.295) 0.089 2.406 (1.567 ~ 3.692) <.001 1.817 (1.037 ~ 3.181) 0.037
Model 1 1.996 (1.221 ~ 3.265) 0.006 1.482 (0.933 ~ 2.354) 0.095 2.233 (1.417 ~ 3.520) 0.001 1.736 (0.981 ~ 3.071) 0.058
Model 2 1.856 (1.035 ~ 3.327) 0.038 1.215 (0.684 ~ 2.156) 0.507 2.325 (1.396 ~ 3.873) 0.001 2.311 (1.131 ~ 4.722) 0.022
  1. Note:Model 0: unadjusted model
  2.         Model 1: logistic regression adjusted for age, sex, race, and education
  3.         Model 2: logistic regression adjusted for age, sex, race, education, leisure-time physical activity, ADL scores, smoking status, current alcohol intake, depression, diabetes, hypertension, previous history of coronary artery disease, and obesity