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Table 2 Primary, secondary, and other outcome measures

From: Enhancing sleep quality for nursing home residents with dementia: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial of an evidence-based frontline huddling program

Category Name Time Frame Brief Description
Primary Total Sleep Time via Actigraph Baseline, Intervention,
Post-Treatment
Actigraph measurement of the total number of minutes the subject is asleep between 7 pm
and 7 am.
Secondary Psychotropic Medication Use Baseline, Intervention,
Post-Treatment
Psychotropic medication use as recorded in the Minimum Data Set (MDS)
Secondary Pain and Analgesic Medication Use Baseline, Intervention,
Post-Treatment
Psychotropic medication use as recorded in the Minimum Data Set (MDS)
Secondary Activities of Daily Living Decline Baseline, Intervention,
Post-Treatment
Activities of daily living as recorded in the Minimum Data Set (MDS)
Other Sleep Staff Rating Intervention, Post-Treatment Staff rating of sleep global impression of change
Other Staff-identified Sleep-related Concerns Intervention, Post-Treatment Staff rating of sleep-related concerns global impression of change
Other Inter-resident Sleep Variability Baseline, Intervention,
Post-Treatment
NH medical record data to indicate (a) changes in any sedating medications and
changes in dosages; (2) incidents of delirium; (3) any urinary tract infections; (4) doses of any sedating medications, including as
needed ones
Other Sleep Information from MDS Baseline, Intervention,
Post-Treatment
The MDS contains only two items pertaining to sleep. Because MDS is the foundational nursing home administrative quality data set,
these items will be examined for their utility. One item, part of the PHQ-9, is, “trouble falling or staying asleep or sleeping too much.” The pain section also includes one item for residents who can self-report, “over the past 5 days, has pain made it hard for
you to sleep at night” (there is not a comparable item in the MDS staff interview section for residents unable to self-report).