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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants

From: Rice farming care as a novel method of green care farm in East Asian context: an implementation research

Mean ± SD RFC group
(N = 15)
UC group
(N = 14)
Total
(N = 29)
F-value P-value
Age 75.6 ± 9.8 79.9 ± 5.8 77.7 ± 8.3 2.057 0.163
year of education 9.5 ± 2.4 10.6 ± 1.4a 10.0 ± 2.1b 1.948 0.160
Score of MMSE 20.8 ± 4.3c 18.2 ± 7.7d 19.6 ± 6.2e 1.169 0.290
Score of WHO-5-J 17.5 ± 6.7 17.6 ± 4.8 17.6 ± 5.8 0.003 0.960
Sex (n (%))    Χ2 df P-Value
 Male 11 (73.4%) 6 (42.9%) 2.773 1 0.096
 Female 4 (26.6%) 8 (57.1%)    
Experience of rice-farming (n (%))
 Yes 10 (66.7%) 4 (28.6%) 4.209 1 0.040
 No 5 (33.3%) 10 (71.4%)    
Two question (n (%))
 Negative 10 (66.7%) 11 (78.6%) 0.514 1.000 0.474
 Positive 5 (33.3%) 3 (21.4%)    
  1. MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, WHO-5-J The Japanese version of the World Health Organization-Five Well-Being Index
  2. aN of missing value = 1
  3. bN of missing value = 1
  4. cN of missing value = 1
  5. dN of missing value = 1
  6. eN of missing value = 2