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Table 4 Factors that influence the awareness of caregivers and patients

From: Caregiving, care burden and awareness of caregivers and patients with dementia in Asian locations: a secondary analysis

Variables Patient awareness Caregiver awareness
n Estimate Standard Odds Odds Ratio p-value n Estimate Standard Odds Odds Ratio p-value
Error Ratio [95% CI] Error Ratio [95% CI]
Patient’s sex (female) 524 0.4008 0.1897 1.493 [1.029,2.165] 0.0346 524 0.4205 0.1808 1.523 [1.068,2.170] 0.02
Patient’s age 524 −0.0097 0.0128 0.99 [0.966,1.016] 0.4486 524 0.0429 0.0128 1.044 [1.018,1.070] < 0.001
Patient’s duration of education 524 0.0119 0.017 1.012 [0.979,1.046] 0.4842 524 −0.0195 0.0165 0.981 [0.949,1.013] 0.237
MMSE 504 0.0146 0.0172 1.015 [0.981,1.050] 0.3981 504 −0.1166 0.0187 0.89 [0.858,0.923] < 0.001
CDR-SOB 522 −0.0508 0.0299 0.95 [0.896,1.008] 0.0891 522 0.2566 0.0379 1.292 [1.200,1.392] < 0.001
CDR (global) 522 −0.2392 0.1787 0.787 [0.555,1.118] 0.1808 522 1.3555 0.2243 3.879 [2.499,6.021] < 0.001
Patient’s awareness (no)        511 −1.7293 0.2152 0.177 [0.116,0.270] < 0.001
Caregiver’s sex (female) 524 0.1176 0.1869 1.125 [0.780,1.622] 0.5292 524 −0.036 0.1808 0.965 [0.677,1.375] 0.842
Caregiver’s age 514 −0.0172 0.0061 0.983 [0.971,0.995] 0.0045 514 −0.0136 0.0059 0.986 [0.975,0.998] 0.020
Caregiver’s duration of education 505 0.0543 0.0185 1.056 [1.018,1.095] 0.0033 505 0.0373 0.0175 1.038 [1.003,1.074] 0.032
Caregiver’s occupation (none) 512 −0.0926 0.1844 0.912 [0.635,1.309] 0.6158 512 −0.2444 0.1798 0.783 [0.551,1.114] 0.174
Marital status of caregiver (single) 521 0.5398 0.2891 1.716 [0.974,3.023] 0.0619 521 0.4911 0.3033 1.634 [0.902,2.961] 0.105
Relationship with caregiver (child) 449 0.6964 0.2052 2.006 [1.342,3.000] 0.0007 449 0.6053 0.1943 1.832 [1.252,2.681] 0.002
Cohabitation (no) 521 −0.0561 0.1876 0.945 [0.655,1.366] 0.765 521 0.0402 0.1822 1.041 [0.728,1.488] 0.826
Primary caregiver (no) 515 0.0569 0.2012 1.059 [0.714,1.570] 0.7772 515 0.064 0.1967 1.066 [0.725,1.568] 0.745
CAS 495 −0.0002 0.0001 1 [0.999,1.000] 0.1358 495 −0.0001 0.0001 1 [1.000,1.000] 0.615
ZBI 521 −0.004 0.0057 0.996 [0.985,1.007] 0.4787 521 0.0252 0.0059 1.026 [1.014,1.037] < 0.001
Caregiver’s awareness (no) 520 −1.7397 0.2144 0.176 [0.115,0.267] < 0.0001       
  1. CAS Caregiver activity scale, CDR Clinical dementia rating, CDR-SOB Clinical dementia rating-sum of boxes, CI Confidence interval, MMSE Mini-mental state exam, ZBI Zarit burden interview