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Table 1 Distribution of demographic and health conditions of participants by weight loss

From: Appetite, oral health and weight loss in community-dwelling older men: an observational study from the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project (CHAMP)

a. Average BMI, body weight and age (mean ± SD)
  Variables Total population(N = 542) Stable or Weight gain≥5% a (N = 443) Weight loss ≥5% b(N = 99) p value
5th year assessment (as baseline data) Age 80.3 ± 4.1 80.2 ± 4.0 81.5 ± 4.2 0.08
  BMI 27.8 ± 4.3 27.8 ± 4.2 28.1 ± 4.6 0.48
  Body weight 79.5 ± 13.2 79.4 ± 12.9 80.0 ± 14.3 0.68
8th year assessment BMI 27.9 ± 4.2 28.2 ± 4.0 26.3 ± 4.5 <  0.001
  Body weight 78.7 ± 13.5 79.9 ± 13.1 73.2 ± 13.6 <  0.001
b. Demographic, comorbidities, and healthrelated characteristics at 8th year assessments
Variables Total population(N = 542) Stable or Weight gain≥5%a (N = 443) Weight loss ≥5% b(N = 99) p value
n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Demographic and health behaviours
Country of Birth:
  Australia 286 (52.8) 239 (54.0) 47 (47.5)  
  Greece/Italy 123 (22.7) 102 (23.0) 21 (21.2) 0.22
  Other 133 (24.5) 102 (23.0) 31 (31.3)  
 Post school education (No education) 208 (38.4) 171 (38.6) 37 (37.4) 0.47
Income: 
  Pension only 208 (38.4) 164 (37.0) 44 (44.4)  
  Pensions + other 128 (23.6) 106 (23.9) 22 (22.2) 0.38
  Other income 206 (38.0) 173 (39.1) 33 (33.3)  
Marital status: 
  Married/Partner 395 (72.9) 326 (73.6) 69 (69.7) 0.56
  Widowed 97 (17.9) 75 (16.9) 22 (22.2)  
  Divorced/separated 18 (3.3) 16 (3.6) 2 (2.0)  
  Never married 32 (5.9) 26 (5.9) 6 (6.1)  
Drinking status:
  Life-long abstainer 45 (8.3) 33 (7.4) 12 (12.1)  
  Ex-drinker 76 (14.0) 56 (12.6) 20 (20.2)  
  Safe-drinker 383 (70.7) 323 (72.9) 60 (60.6) 0.07
  Unsafe-drinker 38 (7.0) 31 (7.0) 7 (7.1)  
 Smoking status (Current or previous smoker) 323 (59.6) 260 (58.7) 63 (63.6) 0.43
Comorbidities
 Comorbidities ≥4 155 (28.6) 121 (27.3) 34 (34.3) 0.18
 Arthritis 283 (52.2) 234 (52.8) 49 (49.5) 0.58
 Diabetes mellitus 117 (21.6) 87 (19.6) 30 (30.3) 0.03
 Heart attack 108 (19.9) 86 (19.4) 22 (22.2) 0.53
 Stroke 46 (8.5) 34 (7.7) 12 (12.1) 0.16
 Hypertension 299 (55.2) 245 (55.3) 54 (54.5) 0.91
 Cancer 104 (19.2) 84 (19.0) 20 (20.2) 0.43
Health related characteristics
 Take walks daily/almost everyday 285 (52.6) 236 (53.3) 49 (49.5) 0.50
Frailty:
  robust 137 (25.3) 124 (28.0) 13 (13.1)  
  pre-frail 311 (57.4) 261 (58.9) 50 (50.5) < 0.001
  frail 94 (17.3) 58 (13.1) 36 (36.4)  
 Depression (Geriatric Depression Scale ≥5) 90 (16.6) 66 (14.9) 24 (24.2) 0.04
 Special diet advised by a health professional 59 (10.9) 48 (10.8) 11 (11.1) 0.94
Appetite: c
  Very good 107 (19.7) 97 (21.9) 10 (10.1)  
  Good 233 (43.0) 193 (43.6) 40 (40.4)  
  Average 172 (31.7) 133 (30.0) 39 (39.4) 0.01
  Poor 24 (4.4) 16 (3.6) 8 (8.1)  
  Very poor 6 (1.1) 4 (0.9) 2 (2.0)  
  1. a Stable weight with either less than 5% weight gain or less than 5% weight loss, or had gained weight 5% or more in the previous 3-years between 5-year and 8-year assessments
  2. b Weight loss of 5% or more over 3-years between 5-year and 8-year assessments
  3. c Appetite was assessed by applying the question: how would you describe your appetite? The response options were: 'very good', 'good', 'average', 'poor', or 'very poor'