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Table 1 Characteristics of the participating GPs (n = 43) and patients (n = 579)

From: Epidemiology and associated factors of polypharmacy in older patients in primary care: a northern Italian cross-sectional study

Participating GPs
Age Median (IQR)
  56 (49 – 61)
Sex n GPs % of participating GPs
 Male 31 72.1%
 Female 12 27.9%
Location of GP office n GPs % of participating GPs
 Urban area 21 48.8%
 Rural area 22 51.2%
Participating patients
Age Median (IQR)
  81 (78 – 85)
Sex n patients % of participating patients
 Male 230 39.7
 Female 349 60.3
Biometric and laboratory parameters Median (IQR)
 BMI [kg/m2] 26.5 (23.8-29.4)
 Systolic blood pressure [mmHg] 135 (125-143)
 Diastolic blood pressure [mmHg] 77 (70-80)
 Creatinine [mg/dl] 1.1 (0.9-1.3)
 Potassium [mmol/l] 4.3 (4.0-4.7)
Health-related quality of life Median (IQR)
 EQ-5D-5L index 0.813 (0.716-0.909)
 EQ-VAS score 60.0 (50.0-80.0)
Cognitive impairment n patients % of participating patients
 6-CIT score ≥ 8 points 158 27.3%
Affective impairment n patients % of participating patients
 5-GDS score ≥ 2 points 170 29.4%
  1. GPs General practitioners, IQR Interquartile range, BMI Body mass index, EQ-5D 5-Item questionnaire measuring health-related quality of life, VAS Visual analogue scale, 6-CIT 6-Item Cognitive Impairment Test, 5-GDS 5-Item Geriatric Depression Scale