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Table 1 Demographic Data of the Patients and Caregivers

From: Perceived stress and depressive symptoms not neuropsychiatric symptoms predict caregiver burden in Alzheimer’s disease: a cross-sectional study

Patients’ Characteristics (N = 102)
 Female sex, n(%) 72 (70.6)
 Age, mean ± SD 79.4 ± 7.9
 Years of education, mead ± SD 7.1 ± 4.9
 Marital status
  • Married 44 (43.1)
  • Widow/widower 51 (50.0)
  • Single 5 (4.9)
  • Divorced/separated 2 (2.0)
 Duration of disease (years), mean ± SD 2.53 ± 3.1
 AD type
  • AD 63 (61.8)
  • AD+CVD 39 (38.2)
 Severity of disease by CDR, mean ± SD 9.74 (4.65)
 ADL, mean ± SD 15.4 ± 6.5
 Neuropsychiatric symptoms
  • Number of symptoms, mean ± SD 5.8 (2.6)
  • NPI score, mean ± SD 20.3 (21.5)
Caregivers’ Characteristics (N = 102)
 Female sex, n (%) 79 (77.5)
 Age (years), mean ± SD 55.0 ± 12.9
 Years of education, mean ± SD 13.8 (4.6)
 Relationship with patient, n (%)
  • Spouse 21 (20.6)
  • Parent 1 (1.0)
  • Child 70 (68.6)
  • Other relatives 5 (4.9)
  • Hired caregiver 5 (4.9)
 Financial problem
  • No 81 (79.4)
  • Some problem without debt 21 (7.8)
  • Some debt 4 (3.9)
  • Lots of debt 9 (8.8)
 Having a health problem
  • Physical health problem 53 (52.0)
  • Mental health problem 8 (7.8)
 Duration of care (years), mean ± SD 6.1 ± 8.7
 Hour of care per day, mean ± SD 15.4 ± 8.1
 Having at least one helper, n(%) 83 (82.4)
 PSS, mean ± SD 14.6 ± 4.9
 PHQ-9, mean ± SD 4.1 ± 3.9
  • mild depression (7–12) 20 (19.5)
  • moderate depression (13–18) 1 (1.0)
  • severe depression (≥19) 2 (2.0)
 ZBI-12, mean ± SD 10.6 (7.5)
  • Severe/high burden (≥17) 16 (15.7)
  1. AD Alzheimer’s disease, ADL Activities Daily Living, CDR Clinical Dementia Rating, CVD Cardiovascular disease, NPI Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaires, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire-9, PSS Perceived Stress Scale, ZBI Zarit Burden Interview