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Table 4 History of falls and prevalence of chronic diseases and multimorbidity

From: Understanding factors associated with sarcopenic obesity in older African women from a low-income setting: a cross-sectional analysis

Variables Cohort (n = 122) No sarcopenia (n = 88) Sarcopenia (n = 34) P value
Fallen in past year 46 (38.0) 34 (38.6) 12 (36.4) 0.819
Hypertension 105 (86.1) 72 (81.8) 33 (97.1) 0.029
Dyslipidemia 89 (73.0) 63 (71.6) 26 (81.3) 0.586
Diabetes 44 (36.1) 32 (32.7) 12 (35.3) 0.912
Arthritis 26 (21.3) 18 (20.5) 8 (23.5) 0.710
Osteoporosis 29 (23.8) 22 (25.0) 7 (20.6) 0.608
History of cancer 3 (2.5) 1 (1.1) 2 (5.9) 0.129
HIV 9 (7.4) 7 (8.0) 2 (5.9) 0.695
History of tuberculosis 22 (18.0) 19 (21.6) 3 (8.8) 0.100
Multi-morbidities (> 2 diseases) 111 (91.0) 81 (92.0) 30 (88.2) 0.501
  1. All data reported as n (%). Chi-square was used to determine differences in frequency of each variable between those with and without sarcopenia. Abbreviation: HIV human immunodeficiency virus