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Table 5 Multivariate adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for overweight in relation to quartiles of health-related physical fitness measurements after adjustment for potential confounders

From: Poor health-related physical fitness performance increases the overweight and obesity risk in older adults from Taiwan

Variables Model 1 (unadjusted) Model 2 (adjusteda)
OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI p
Men
 2-min step test (step)
   < 73 0.84 0.71–0.99 0.037* 0.79 0.64–0.98 0.031*
  73–89 1.00 0.85–1.17 0.962 0.87 0.71–1.08 0.204
  90–103 0.99 0.85–1.15 0.840 0.89 0.74–1.08 0.255
   > 103 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.037* 0.029*
 30-s arm curl test (rep)
   < 14 0.72 0.61–0.85 <  0.001* 0.80 0.64–0.99 0.039*
  14–17 0.85 0.72–1.00 0.0497* 0.87 0.70–1.08 0.198
  18–22 0.89 0.76–1.04 0.148 0.98 0.81–1.20 0.873
   > 22 1.00 1.00
 Test for trend <  0.001* 0.021*
 30-s chair stand test (rep)
   < 12 1.02 0.85–1.22 0.826 0.94 0.75–1.19 0.599
  12–14 1.02 0.86–1.20 0.854 1.04 0.83–1.30 0.731
  15–18 1.04 0.89–1.21 0.645 0.97 0.80–1.18 0.754
   > 18 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.985 0.652
 Back scratch test (cm)
   < −21 2.84 2.40–3.36 <  0.001* 2.55 2.04–3.18 <  0.001*
   − 21 – −11 2.01 1.72–2.35 <  0.001* 1.73 1.41–2.12 <  0.001*
  -10–0 1.86 1.60–2.15 <  0.001* 1.81 1.50–2.19 <  0.001*
   > 0 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend <  0.001* <  0.001*
 Chair sit-and-reach test (cm)
   < −2 0.86 0.74–1.00 0.057 0.63 0.52–0.78 <  0.001*
  -2–0 0.81 0.68–0.96 0.015* 0.64 0.51–0.79 <  0.001*
   1–8 0.90 0.77–1.04 0.161 0.81 0.67–0.99 0.036*
   > 8 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.050 <  0.001*
 8-ft up-and-go test (s)
   < 5.8 1.01 0.86–1.19 0.923 1.07 0.86–1.33 0.530
  5.8–6.8 1.11 0.94–1.32 0.228 1.12 0.90–1.41 0.307
  6.9–8.3 1.09 0.93–1.28 0.303 1.08 0.88–1.34 0.456
   > 8.3 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.624 0.767
 One-leg stance with eye open test (s)
   < 5.0 1.02 0.71–1.46 0.923 0.64 0.39–1.04 0.069
  5.0–12.7 1.04 0.73–1.49 0.836 0.74 0.46–1.19 0.219
  12.8–30.0 0.90 0.63–1.27 0.537 0.68 0.43–1.07 0.094
   > 30.0 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.159 0.314
Women
 2-min step test (step)
   < 69 1.06 0.94–1.21 0.356 0.97 0.83–1.13 0.668
  69–87 1.10 0.98–1.25 0.107 1.01 0.88–1.18 0.850
  88–101 1.09 0.97–1.22 0.168 1.04 0.90–1.20 0.598
   > 101 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.604 0.469
 30-s arm curl test (rep)
   < 14 0.73 0.64–0.82 <  0.001* 0.81 0.70–0.95 0.008*
  14–16 0.84 0.74–0.96 0.012* 0.98 0.83–1.15 0.761
  17–21 0.93 0.83–1.04 0.211 0.99 0.86–1.14 0.838
   > 21 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend <  0.001* 0.002*
 30-s chair stand test (rep)
   < 11 1.10 0.95–1.28 0.219 0.96 0.80–1.16 0.693
  11–13 1.16 1.01–1.33 0.032* 1.00 0.85–1.19 0.974
  14–18 1.16 1.03–1.30 0.013* 1.06 0.92–1.23 0.393
   > 18 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.578 0.310
 Back scratch test (cm)
   < −12 2.50 2.19–2.86 <  0.001* 1.73 1.46–2.04 <  0.001*
  -12 – −2 2.39 2.11–2.70 <  0.001* 2.04 1.75–2.37 <  0.001*
  -1–3 1.60 1.43–1.80 <  0.001* 1.44 1.25–1.66 <  0.001*
   > 3 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend <  0.001* <  0.001*
 Chair sit-and-reach test (cm)
   <  0 0.81 0.72–0.92 0.002* 0.69 0.59–0.81 <  0.001*
  0–3 0.97 0.87–1.09 0.619 0.87 0.76–1.00 0.054
  4–11 0.95 0.85–1.07 0.425 0.86 0.75–0.99 0.036*
   > 11 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.003* <  0.001*
 8-ft up-and-go test (s)
   < 6.0 0.89 0.78–1.01 <  0.001* 0.93 0.79–1.09 0.376
  6.0–7.0 1.08 0.95–1.23 0.064 1.13 0.96–1.32 0.137
  7.1–8.6 1.08 0.95–1.22 0.230 1.05 0.90–1.22 0.578
   > 8.6 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.002* 0.168
 One-leg stance with eye open test (s)
   < 4.4 1.20 1.06–1.36 0.005* 0.99 0.84–1.16 0.868
  4.4–10.7 1.34 1.19–1.50 <  0.001* 1.18 1.02–1.37 0.028*
  10.8–27.0 1.24 1.10–1.38 <  0.001* 1.10 0.96–1.26 0.188
   > 27.0 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.004* 0.933
  1. aAdjusted for age, waist circumference, education, monthly income, marital status, self-reported health status, smoking status, and chewing betel nuts
  2. *p < 0.05