Skip to main content

Table 3 Exercise intervention plan for “Body & Brain” study

From: “Body & Brain”: effects of a multicomponent exercise intervention on physical and cognitive function of adults with dementia - study protocol for a quasi-experimental controlled trial

Warm-up Balance & Coordination Strength Aerobic Resistance Stretching & Cool down
General activation, joint mobilization, stretching exercises Static and dynamic balance; coordination exercises Strength exercises involving mainly major upper and lower body muscle groups Low impact aerobic exercises involving walking, stationary march and dance Lower body and upper body stretch, breathing exercises
e.g. slow walk, mobility exercises for the shoulders, trunk, hip, and ankles as rotations, flexion/extension and adduction/abduction e.g. one leg stand, tandem walk, sideways walk, heel-to-toe walk, step over objects as cones, hoops and huddlers, exercises with balance pads, shift weight from foot to foot, turning and changing direction e.g. biceps arm curl, triceps extension, adapted planks, seated row, chest press, squats, knee extension, hip extension, toe raises, standing leg curl e.g. stationary marching, walking, simple step-based choreographic movements - exercises will start with only lower limbs and as needed will include upper limbs e.g. back and chest stretch, quadriceps and hamstrings stretch, diaphragmatic breathing
1st & 2nd months
 10 min 15 min 2–3 exercises 15 min 4 exercises 10 min (5 + 5) 5 min
Dynamic balance 2 × 10–12 reps 60–65% HRmax
3rd month
 10 min 15 min 2–3 exercises 15 min 4–6 exercises 10 + 5 min 5 min
Dynamic balance and coordination 2 × 10–12 reps 65–75% HRmax
4th month
 10 min 10 min 2–3 exercises 15 min 4–6 exercises 10 + 10 min 5 min
Dynamic balance and coordination 2 × 8–10 reps 65–75% HRmax
5th and 6th months
 10 min 10 min 2–3 exercises 15 min 4–6 exercises 10 + 10 min 5 min
Dynamic balance and coordination 2 × 8–10 reps 65–80% HRmax
  1. HRmax Maximum heart rate, min Minutes, reps Repetitions