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Table 3 Univariate scores for individual predictors of occasional and recurrent falls

From: Incidence and multidimensional predictors of occasional and recurrent falls among Malaysian community‐dwelling older persons

Domains Variables P-value Exp(B) [95 % CI]
Occasional falls
 Sociodemographic Sex (Female) 0.001* 1.62 1.22–2.16
Marital status (Single) 0.036* 2.57 1.06–6.23
Falls history < 0.001* 2.42 1.76–3.33
 Psychosocial Depressive symptoms 0.013* 1.08 1.02–1.14
 Body composition Fat-free mass 0.007* 0.97 0.96–0.99
Skeletal muscle mass 0.006* 0.96 0.93–0.99
 Nutrition Energy 0.037* 1.00 1.00–1.00
Carbohydrate 0.009* 1.00 1.00–1.00
Zinc 0.089* 0.93 0.86–1.01
 Biochemical Hemoglobin 0.002* 0.88 0.88–0.96
 Cognitive test MMSE 0.037* 0.97 0.94-1.00
MoCA 0.031* 0.97 0.95-1.00
Digit Symbol 0.039* 0.94 0.88-1.00
 Physical performance Chair stand test 0.039* 0.95 0.91-1.00
Dominant handgrip muscle strength test 0.002* 0.97 0.95–0.99
Recurrent falls
 Sociodemographic Sex (Female) 0.001* 2.30 1.44–3.67
Living alone 0.017* 2.04 1.14–3.67
Falls history < 0.001* 4.08 2.59–6.42
 Chronic disease Stroke 0.036* 3.21 1.08–9.55
Joint pain 0.006* 1.90 1.20–3.01
 Psychosocial Depressive symptoms 0.001* 1.14 1.05–1.24
 Body composition Fat mass 0.039* 1.03 1.00-1.05
Fat-free mass 0.025* 0.97 0.94-1.00
Skeletal muscle mass 0.020* 0.94 0.90–0.99
Percentage of body fat 0.006* 1.03 1.01–1.05
 Biochemical Hemoglobin 0.008* 0.83 0.72–0.95
 Physical performance Chair stand test < 0.001* 0.87 0.80–0.94
Timed Up and Go test 0.001* 1.08 1.03–1.13
Dominant handgrip muscle strength test 0.001* 0.95 0.92–0.98
  1. Note: MMSE Mini-mental state examination, MoCA Montreal cognitive assessment*p<0.05