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Table 1 Characteristics of the respondents

From: Behavioral changes and hygiene practices of older adults in Japan during the first wave of COVID-19 emergency

Age at telephone survey, (IQR) 89.3 (88.3–90.6)
Time since basic survey, years. (IQR) 2.2 (1.7–3.0)
Female, n. (%) 246 (50.5)
Living alonea, n. (%) 130 (26.7)
Marital statusa, n. (%)
 Married 246 (50.5)
 Widowed 219 (45.0)
 Divorce 11 (2.3)
 Never married 8 (1.6)
 Missing 3 (0.6)
High educationa, n. (%) 231 (47.4)
 Missing 2 (0.4)
Smoking statusa, n (%)
 Current smoker 21 (4.3)
 Former smoker 182 (37.4)
 Never smoker 281 (57.7)
 Missing 3 (0.6)
Current alcohol intakea, n (%)
 No 292 (60.0)
 Yes 194 (39.8)
 Missing 1 (0.2)
BMI categorya, n (%)
 Underweight 28 (5.7)
 Normal weight 331 (68.0)
 Overweight 116 (23.8)
 Obesity 12 (2.5)
Self-rated healtha, n. (%)
 Very/good 202 (41.5)
 Fair 216 (44.4)
 Poor/very poor 66 (13.6)
 Don’t know 3 (0.6)
MMSEa, (IQR) 26 (24–28)
MMSEa (≤23) 77 (15.8)
 Missing 3 (0.6)
GDSa, (IQR) 3 (1–4)
GDSa (≥5) 119 (24.4)
 Missing 3 (0.6)
IADLa, (IQR) 5 (5)
IADLa (≤4) 62 (12.7)
Hearing impairmenta, n. (%) 36 (7.4)
 Missing 5 (1.0)
Visual impairmenta, n. (%) 119 (24.4)
 Missing 6 (1.2)
Number of chronic conditionsa, n (%)
 0–1 25 (5.2)
 2–4 219 (45.0)
 5≤ 234 (48.0)
 Missing 9 (1.8)
Physical Activity Indexa (IQR), METs h/w 16.3 (9.7–27.8)
 Missing 1 (0.2)
Frequency of community interactiona, n. (%)
 None 82 (16.8)
 Several times/year 21 (4.3)
 Several times/month 106 (21.8)
 Several times/week 190 (39.0)
 Everyday 63 (12.9)
 Not sure 22 (4.5)
 Missing 3 (0.6)
  1. Abbreviations: IQR Interquartile range, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, GDS Geriatric Depression Scale, IADL Instrumental activities of daily living, METs h/w Metabolic equivalents hour per week
  2. a assessed at baseline survey