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Table 4 Final model for the association between violence victimization and mental health status. A moderated (social support) mediation (sense of coherence) effect was found for victimization on mental health status. Social support had a near significant moderation effect also on the direct effect of victimization on mental health status

From: Lifetime prevalence of polyvictimization among older adults in Sweden, associations with ill-heath, and the mediating effect of sense of coherence

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  Effect 95% CI  
Relative conditional indirect effect (ab)
(Victimization – SOC – Mental health status, moderated by social support)
With social support One form of victimization −0.42 −1.62 0.76
Low polyvictimization −1.14 −2.29 −0.21
High polyvictimization −4.32 − 7.17 −2.02
No social support One form of victimization −0.58 −3.28 1.95
Low polyvictimization −5.13 −9.75 −1.34
High polyvictimization −4.81 −7.59 −2.29
Significance test for moderating effect of social support:
Index of moderated mediation for low polyvictimization: 3.98; CI 0.09–8.39
Relative conditional direct effect (c’)
(Victimization - Mental health status, moderated by social support)
With social support One form of victimization −1.16 −3.83 1.51
Low polyvictimization 0.08 −2.12 2.28
High polyvictimization −1.65 −5.09 1.79
No social support One form of victimization −5.38 −10.02 −0.73
Low polyvictimization −6.96 −12.79 −1.12
High polyvictimization −6.19 −10.75 −1.63
Significance test for moderating effect of social support:
Test of highest order unconditional interaction: p = 0.06
Test of equality means: with social support p = 0.67, no social support p = <0.01
  1. Note: Model summary R2 = 0.36. Included in analyses = 471, Missing cases = 136. Confidence intervals are computed using bootstrapping with 5000 sample. No moderating effect of SOC was found (interaction effect p = 0.53)