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Table 2 Summary of all social determinants and their associations and patterns of home care use

From: Social factors influencing utilization of home care in community-dwelling older adults: a scoping review

Social Determinant
(Descriptor)
Home Care Propensity Evaluation (Associated, Uncertain, Not Associated) If Associated, Pattern of Home Care Utilization
(More, Equivocal, Less)
Home Care Intensity Evaluation (Associated, Uncertain, Not Associated) If Associated, Pattern of Home Care Utilization (More, Equivocal, Less)
Level in Socio-Ecological Model - Individual
 Age (Older) Associated More Associated More
 Gender (Women) Uncertain Not Associated
 Education (Higher) Not associated Associated More
 Ethnicity/ Race (White) Associated More
 Self Assessed Health (Worse) Associated More Not Associated
 Insurance Associated H
 Personal Finances (Lower) Uncertain Associated Equivocal
 Immigration (Born in Country of Study) Uncertain
 Housing Type (Own) Associated Less Associated Equivocal
 Housing Problems (Present) Associated More
 Internet Use (High Frequency) Not Associated Uncertain
 Health Behaviours (Smoking, Alcohol, Seatbelts, Exercise) Not Associated
 Loneliness Not Associated
 Employment (Retired)
 Language (French Speaking)
 Transportation (Driving)
 Knowledge (Home Care)
Level in Socio-Ecological Model - Relationships
 Living Arrangements (Alone) Uncertain Associated More
 Marital Status (Married) Associated Less Uncertain
 Household Finances (Lower) Associated Equivocal Not Associated
 Children (Presence) Associated Equivocal Not Associated
 Informal Caregiving (Available) Associated Less Not Associated
 Other Family Members Not Associated Uncertain
 Caregiver Burden (Higher) Not Associated
 Social Network (Strong) Associated Less
 Food Security (Insecure) Uncertain
Level in Socio-Ecological Model – Community
 Urban vs. Rural (Urban Living) Associated Equivocal
 Region H H H H
 Community Programs H H H H
 Racial Composition
 Neighbourhood Problems
Level in Socio-Ecological Model - Society
 Payment Scheme for Home Care H H H H
 Supply and Demand Factors H H H H
 Organization of Home Care Services H H H H
 Culture H H H H
  1. Notes: Inadequate number of studies to perform evaluation of consistency across studies = □
  2. Measures of social factors or comparison groups too heterogeneous for evaluations across all studies (see results section for thematic synthesis) = H