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Table 1 Demographic and Clinical Characteristics

From: Age is not the only risk factor in COVID-19: the role of comorbidities and of long staying in residential care homes

  Total
(n = 81)
Age 65–79
(n = 41)
Age ≥ 80
(n = 40)
p value
Age (years) 79.69 ± 8.01 73.05 ± 4.71 86.5 ± 3.89 NS
Male (n, %) 37 (46%) 22 (53%) 15 (37%) NS
Symptoms
 Cough 29 (35%) 20 (49%) 9 (22%) 0.01
 Dyspnea 50 (61%) 24 (58%) 26 (65%) NS
 Fever 37 (45%) 25 (61%) 12 (30%) 0.005
Respiratory Score
 P/F 280.37 ± 113.64 316.58 ± 105.38 241.66 ± 110.95 0.009
 PSI 121.59 ± 32.51 109.2 ± 27.62 134.3 ± 32.52 0.0003
Medical history (n, %)
 Neurological disease 42 (52%) 17 (40%) 25 (59%) 0.005
 Cardiovascular disease 56 (69%) 23 (56%) 33 (82%) 0.01
 Diabetes 22 (27%) 10 (24%) 12 (30%) NS
 Respiratory disease 28 (34%) 15 (36%) 13 (33%) NS
 Cancer disease 20 (25%) 12 (29%) 8 (20%) NS
 Chronic Kidney disease 16 (19%) 7 (17%) 9 (22%) NS
  1. Was used Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. The statistical adjusted significance was accepted at the adjusted p value < 0.0008
  2. Abbreviations: P/F partial pressure of oxygen/inhalation volumetric fraction of molecular oxygen, PSI pneumonia severity index