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Table 1 Characteristics of the study participants

From: Translation and validation of the Korean version of the clinical frailty scale in older patients

  Participants (N = 100)
Age (years) 75.6 (7.0)
Sex
 Male 63 (63.0)
 Female 37 (37.0)
Body mass index (kg/m2) 21.7 (3.5)
Comorbidity
 Chronic lung disease 44 (44.0)
 Hypertension 38 (38.0)
 Cancer (oncology/hematology) 32 (32.0)
 Diabetes 30 (30.0)
 Cardiac disease (ischemic/vascular) 26 (26.0)
 Cerebrovascular disease 17 (17.0)
 Chronic kidney disease 11 (11.0)
Location
 Outpatient 10 (10.0)
 Inpatient 90 (90.0)
Primary admission cause in ward patients (N = 90)
 Pneumonia 38 (42.2)
 AE of underlying lung disease 11 (12.2)
 Cardiac disease 14 (15.6)
 Other infection 5 (5.6)
 Cancer related problems 22 (24.4)
K-MMSE scorea 22.2 (7.2)
  1. K-MMSE Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination
  2. Values are mean (SD) or number (%)
  3. aData were obtained from 96 (96%) participants