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Table 1 Dimensions of the new Digital CGA adding oral health and social determinates to standard clinical metrics

From: A comprehensive assessment for community-based, person-centered care for older adults

Dimension Number of Items Details References
Demographics 5 Age, sex, race, ethnicity, birthplace, primary language UCLA Rand CGA*
Social Determinates 17 Health behaviors (smoking, drinking) education, monthly income, housing, insurance, household size, need for translation Serving Seniors’ Universal Intake adapted from UCLA Rand CGA*
  3 Loneliness UCLA 3-item Revised Loneliness Scalea*
  5 Health literacy MICASAb* & Chew et al. 2008c*
Nutrition 1 Appropriate food consumption National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2012)*
  1 Food worry The Q Database (California Department of Aging)
Function 13 Functional status Vulnerable Elder’s Survey 13 (VES-13)*
  6 Fall history, hearing, vision, memory problems Serving Seniors Universal Intake
Quality of Life 14 Older People’s Quality of Life-Brief Older People Quality of Life Measure – Brief (OPQoL-B)*
Medical 26 Self-rated health
Active Medical Problem
Recent symptoms
Dental 10 Self-rated oral health status
Denture use
Hygiene Behaviors
Barriers to care
Dental pain
Perceived treatment needs
Hispanic Community Health Study/ Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)*
  2 Food limitation due to dental problems
Saliva production
Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI)*
  3 Access Barriers
Utilization History
Recent Symptoms
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2015)*
  1 Dental debility Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP)*
Mental 4 Mental Health History (active problems) UCLA RAND CGA*
  9 Depression and Suicide screen Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)*
  1. *Validated instrument
  2. a Russell D, Peplau LA, and Cutrona CE. The revised UCLA Loneliness Scale: concurrent and discriminant validity evidence. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1980. 39 [3]: p. 472–80
  3. b Chew LD, et al. Validation of screening questions for limited health literacy in a large VA outpatient population. J Gen Intern Med, 2008. 23 [5]: p. 561–6
  4. c Available at: