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Table 6 Subgroup analysis of home care clients with and without congestive heart failure in the HNHB health region, Jan 1-Mar 31, 2018

From: Associations with rates of falls among home care clients in Ontario, Canada: a population-based, cross-sectional study

  Has Congestive Heart Failure (n = 1458) Does Not Have Congestive Heart Failure (n = 9128)
IRR 95% CI P Value IRR 95% CI P Value
Demographic Characteristics
 Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Female 0.96 0.81, 1.10 0.643 0.81 0.76, 0.87 <  0.001
Age
  < 60 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 60–69 1.00 0.61, 1.60 0.999 0.87 0.76, 1.00 0.055
 70–79 0.63 0.39, 1.00 0.053 0.73 0.64, 0.84 <  0.001
 80–89 0.67 0.42, 1.10 0.098 0.71 0.62, 0.81 <  0.001
 90–99 0.76 0.47, 1.20 0.269 0.69 0.59, 0.80 <  0.001
  ≥ 100 0.28 0.06, 1.10 0.074 0.64 0.40, 1.01 0.056
Marital Status
 Never Married 0.88 0.60, 1.30 0.533 0.94 0.83, 1.07 0.376
 Married 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Widowed 0.89 0.74, 1.10 0.239 0.99 0.91, 1.07 0.745
 Separated 0.91 0.57, 1.40 0.675 1.31 1.09, 1.59 0.004
 Divorced 1.04 0.78, 1.40 0.792 1.06 0.94, 1.20 0.316
 Other 0.74 0.33, 1.70 0.462 1.25 1.00, 1.58 0.055
Functional Characteristics
 Cognitive Skills for Daily Decision-Making
  Independent 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Modified Independence 1.05 0.87, 1.30 0.610 1.15 1.05, 1.25 0.001
  Minimally Impaired 1.30 1.04, 1.60 0.020 1.27 1.16, 1.40 <  0.001
  Moderately Impaired 1.25 0.92, 1.70 0.148 1.38 1.23, 1.56 <  0.001
  Severely Impaired 1.22 0.82, 1.80 0.338 1.19 1.03, 1.39 0.018
Activities of Daily Living Decline 1.66 1.38, 2.00 <  0.001 1.58 1.47, 1.69 <  0.001
 Primary Modes of Locomotion (Indoors)
  No Assistive Device 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Cane 1.33 0.96, 1.80 0.089 1.43 1.27, 1.61 <  0.001
  Walker/Crutch 1.26 0.97, 1.60 0.080 1.52 1.39, 1.67 <  0.001
  Scooter 2.25 0.88, 6.30 0.094 2.20 1.29, 3.88 <  0.001
  Wheelchair 1.47 1.08, 2.00 0.015 1.31 1.17, 1.47 <  0.001
  Activity Did Not Occur 0.98 0.53, 1.80 0.959 1.07 0.81, 1.41 0.640
 Stair Climbing
  Up and Down Stairs No Help 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Up and Down Stairs with Help 1.11 0.83, 1.50 0.470 1.23 1.11, 1.37 <  0.001
  Not Go Up and Down Stairs 1.15 0.88, 1.50 0.306 1.23 1.12, 1.35 <  0.001
Polypharmacy and Health Conditions
 Drugs
  0–2 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  3–4 1.80 0.63, 5.40 0.280 1.21 1.02, 1.43 0.028
  5–7 1.48 0.59, 4.00 0.409 1.12 0.97, 1.30 0.128
   ≥ 8 1.93 0.79, 5.00 0.156 1.21 1.04, 1.39 0.010
Stroke (CVA) 0.94 0.78, 1.10 0.483 0.90 0.83, 0.98 0.014
Hypertension (HTN) 1.13 0.93, 1.40 0.216 0.98 0.91, 1.05 0.486
Irregular Pulse 0.86 0.74, 1.00 0.067 1.03 0.95, 1.13 0.443
Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) 1.00 0.82, 1.20 0.969 0.95 0.84, 1.07 0.379
Chest Pain/Pressure at Rest or on Exertion 1.04 0.80, 1.30 0.788 1.12 0.95, 1.32 0.185
Dizziness or Lightheadedness 1.47 1.25, 1.70 <  0.001 1.41 1.31, 1.52 <  0.001
Edema 1.10 0.94, 1.30 0.244 1.00 0.93, 1.07 0.985
Shortness of Breath 0.88 0.75, 1.00 0.138 0.92 0.86, 0.99 0.032
Alzheimer’s 1.26 0.86, 1.90 0.228 0.77 0.66, 0.89 <  0.001
Dementia 1.16 0.93, 1.50 0.187 1.01 0.92, 1.10 0.905
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) 0.48 0.88, 1.20 0.265 1.12 0.89, 1.43 0.337
Parkinsonism 1.22 0.80, 1.90 0.358 1.49 1.29, 1.71 <  0.001
Arthritis 1.04 0.88, 1.20 0.633 1.04 0.97, 1.11 0.246
Hip Fracture 1.01 0.70, 1.50 0.976 1.16 1.00, 1.34 0.052
  1. IRR Incident Rate Ratios, 95% CI 95% Confidence Interval