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Table 2 Adjusted associations with the rate of falls among home care clients in HNHB health region, Jan 1 – Mar 31, 2018 (n = 10,586)

From: Associations with rates of falls among home care clients in Ontario, Canada: a population-based, cross-sectional study

 IRR95% CIP Value
Demographic Characteristics
 Male1.001.001.00
 Female0.830.78, 0.89<  0.001
Age
 < 60 (Reference)1.001.001.00
 60–690.880.77, 1.000.054
 70–790.710.63, 0.81<  0.001
 80–890.700.61, 0.79<  0.001
 90–990.700.61, 0.80<  0.001
 ≥ 1000.570.37, 0.880.011
Marital Status
 Never Married0.940.83, 1.060.277
 Married (Reference)1.001.001.00
 Widowed0.980.91, 1.050.520
 Separated1.251.05, 1.490.012
 Divorced1.060.95, 1.190.283
 Other1.210.97, 1.510.096
Functional Characteristics
 Cognitive Skills for Daily Decision-Making
  Independent (Reference)1.001.001.00
  Modified Independence1.141.05, 1.230.001
  Minimally Impaired1.281.18, 1.40<  0.001
  Moderately Impaired1.381.24, 1.54<  0.001
  Severely Impaired1.191.04, 1.370.013
  Activities of Daily Living Decline1.591.49, 1.69<  0.001
 Primary Modes of Locomotion (Indoors)
  No Assistive Device (Reference)1.001.001.00
  Cane1.421.28, 1.59<  0.001
  Walker/Crutch1.501.37, 1.63<  0.001
  Scooter2.261.42, 3.71<  0.001
  Wheelchair1.351.21, 1.51<  0.001
  Activity Did Not Occur1.060.83, 1.370.626
 Stair Climbing
  Up and Down Stairs No Help (Reference)1.001.001.00
  Up and Down Stairs with Help1.221.10, 1.34<  0.001
  Not Go Up and Down Stairs1.221.11, 1.33<  0.001
Polypharmacy and Health Conditions
 Drugs
  0–2 (Reference)1.001.001.00
  3–41.211.03, 1.430.022
  5–71.110.96, 1.290.153
  ≥ 81.211.05, 1.390.007
Stroke0.910.84, 0.980.013
Congestive Heart Failure0.860.78, 0.94<  0.001
Hypertension0.990.93, 1.060.840
Irregular Pulse1.000.92, 1.080.944
Peripheral Vascular Disease0.960.87, 1.070.489
Chest Pain/Pressure at Rest or on Exertion1.110.97, 1.280.139
Dizziness or Lightheadedness1.431.33, 1.52<  0.001
Edema1.010.94, 1.070.854
Shortness of Breath0.920.86, 0.980.013
Alzheimer’s0.800.70, 0.920.001
Dementia1.020.94, 1.110.642
Multiple Sclerosis1.090.86, 1.380.485
Parkinsonism1.461.28, 1.67<  0.001
Arthritis1.040.98, 1.110.189
Hip Fracture1.130.98, 1.290.084
  1. IRR Incident Rate Ratios, 95% CI 95% Confidence Interval