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Table 1 Characteristics of home care clients in HNHB health region, Jan 1 – Mar 31, 2018 (n = 10,586)

From: Associations with rates of falls among home care clients in Ontario, Canada: a population-based, cross-sectional study

 % (n)95% CI (%)
Demographic Characteristics
 Sex
  Male39 (4160)38, 40
  Female61 (6462)60, 62
 Age
   < 609 (949)8.4, 9.5
  60–6912 (1246)11, 12
  70–7922 (2301)21, 23
  80–8937 (3920)36, 38
  90–9920 (2114)19, 21
   ≥ 1000.5 (56)0.4, 0.69
 Marital Status
  Never married8.6 (913)8.1, 9.2
  Married38 (3972)37, 38
  Widowed41 (4363)40, 42
  Separated2.9 (302)2.5, 3.2
  Divorced8.1 (861)7.6, 8.7
  Other1.7 (175)1.4, 1.9
Functional Characteristics
 Cognitive Skills for Daily Decision-Making
  Independent33 (3465)32, 34
  Modified Independent27 (2830)26, 28
  Minimally Impaired21 (2228)20, 22
  Moderately Impaired12 (1314)12, 13
  Severely Impaired7.1 (749)6.6, 7.6
Activities of Daily Living Decline65 (6915)64, 66
 Primary Modes of Locomotion (Indoors)
  No Assistive Device27 (2888)26, 28
  Cane10 (1077)9.6, 10.8
  Walker/Crutch45 (4804)44, 46
  Scooter0.31 (33)0.22, 0.44
  Wheelchair15 (1621)15, 16
  Activity did not occur1.5 (163)1.3, 1.8
 Stair Climbing
  Up and Down Stairs Without Help22 (2364)22, 23
  Up and Down Stairs with Help18 (1890)17, 19
  Not go up and down stairs60 (6332)59, 61
Polypharmacy and Health Conditions
 Drugs
  0–25.7 (602)5.3, 6.1
  3–48.3 (876)7.8, 8.8
  5–722 (2364)22, 23
   ≥ 864 (6744)63, 65
Stroke18 (1914)17, 19
Congestive Heart Failure14 (1458)13, 14
Hypertension66 (6956)65, 67
Irregular Pulse19 (2000)18, 20
Peripheral Vascular Disease9.2 (969)8.6, 9.7
Chest Pain at Rest or on Exertion4.4 (464)4.0, 4.8
Dizziness or Lightheadedness26 (2795)26, 27
Edema35 (3726)34, 36
Shortness of Breath33 (3533)32, 34
Alzheimer’s6.5 (684)6, 7
Dementia22 (2337)21, 23
Multiple Sclerosis1.5 (159)1.3, 1.8
Parkinsonism4.3 (456)3.9, 4.7
Arthritis56 (5900)55, 57
Hip Fracture4.4 (464)4.0, 4.8
  1. 95% CI 95% Confidence Interval