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Table 3 Results of Multilevel Models Examining Concurrent and Lagged Effects of Memory Self-Report on Depressive Symptoms

From: Memory complaints and depressive symptoms over time: a construct-level replication analysis

 Depressive Symptoms
NHATSHRS
Model 1
b (SE)
Model 2
b (SE)
Model 1
b (SE)
Model 2
b (SE)
Intercept2.731** (0.046)2.705** (0.048)1.188** (0.128)0.864 ** (0.128)
Time0.009 (0.006)0.002 (0.006)0.030** (0.005)0.025** (0.005)
Self-rated Memorywp0.027 (0.013)0.179** (0.015)
Self-rated Memorylag− 0.013 (0.016)0.033 (0.016)
Perceived 2-year Declinewp0.407** (0.032)0.456** (0.029)
Perceived 2-year Declinelag0.195** (0.032)0.269** (0.030)
Female (ref = male)0.146** (0.031)0.141** (0.031)0.267** (0.052)0.251** (0.052)
Education: < HS (ref = HS education)0.093 (0.050)0.082 (0.049)0.288** (0.054)0.322** (0.053)
Education: > HS (ref = HS education)−0.206** (0.034)− 0.216** (0.033)− 0.338** (0.069)− 0.388** (0.068)
Age category− 0.012 (0.228)− 0.049 (0.222)0.449 (0.467)0.394 (0.461)
Black (ref = White)0.159** (0.038)0.153** (0.038)0.079 (0.079)0.078 (0.078)
Income $15,000 - $30,000 (ref = < $15,000)0.052 (0.045)0.051 (0.044)−0.286** (0.062)−0.278** (0.061)
Income $30,001–$60,000 (ref = < $15,000)−0.070 (0.040)− 0.057 (0.040)−0.332** (0.075)− 0.342** (0.074)
Income > $60,000 (ref = < $15,000)−0.166** (0.041)− 0.158** (0.040)−0.399** (0.093)− 0.416** (0.092)
Single/Widowed (ref = Married/Partnered)0.071 (0.032)0.072 (0.032)0.041 (0.056)−0.030 (0.056)
  1. Note. NHATS and HRS data were analyzed in separate multilevel analyses. Additionally, Models 1 and 2 were analyzed separately. Model 1 examined the association of self-rated memory with depressive symptoms whereas Model 2 examined the association of perceived 2-year memory decline with depressive symptoms. Results from analyses with NHATS and HRS data are presented together for ease of comparison. All models were analyzed separately. HS = High School; WP = baseline within person. Lag = variable information used from one-year prior. **p ≤ .001, *p ≤ .01
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