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Table 2 Risk of poor outcome at 12 months by Lee index quartiles

From: Comparative utility of frailty to a general prognostic score in identifying patients at risk for poor outcomes after aortic valve replacement

PopulationQuartile 1 (0–9 points)Quartile 2 (10–11 points)Quartile 3 (12–14 points)Quartile 4 (≥15 points)P-for-trend
Combined, n/N (%) 44/228 (19.3%)4/59 (6.8%)10/56 (17.9%)12/60 (20.0%)18/53 (34.0%) 
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Ref3.0 (0.9–10.2)3.4 (1.0–11.4)7.1 (2.2–22.6)0.001
Adjusted OR (95% CI)aRef2.7 (0.8–9.5)2.8 (0.8–10.5)6.0 (1.5–23.3)0.01
SAVR, n/N (%) 5/91 (5.5%)1/48 (2.1%)1/25 (4.0%)2/13 (15.4%)1/5 (20.0%) 
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Ref2.0 (0.2–32.7)8.5 (0.7–102.9)11.8 (0.6–225.4)0.04
Adjusted OR (95% CI)aRef1.3 (0.1–25.2)5.4 (0.3–116.8)5.9 (0.1–236.6)0.28
TAVR, n/N (%) 39/137 (28.5%)3/11 (27.3%)9/31 (29.0%)10/47 (21.3%)17/48 (35.4%) 
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Ref1.1 (0.2–5.1)0.7 (0.2–3.2)1.4 (0.3–6.3)0.42
Adjusted OR (95% CI)aRef1.1 (0.2–5.2)0.8 (0.2–3.6)1.4 (0.3–7.2)0.56
  1. aNote: adjusted models include age and sex
  2. Abbreviations: OR odds ratios, SAVR surgical aortic valve replacement, TAVR transcatheter aortic valve replacement