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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Comparative utility of frailty to a general prognostic score in identifying patients at risk for poor outcomes after aortic valve replacement

CharacteristicsSAVR (N = 91)TAVR (N = 137)P value
Age, years, mean ± SD78.0 ± 5.384.4 ± 5.8< 0.001
Male, n (%)50 (56%)66 (49.0%)0.29
Non-white race, n (%)4 (4.5%)2 (1.5%)0.17
Body Mass Index, mean ± SD29.0 ± 5.027.0 ± 6.40.02
Living at home, n (%)87 (97.8%)130 (96.3%)0.54
STS predicted risk of mortality, %, mean ± SD2.8 ± 1.45.9 ± 3.0< 0.001
Heart Failure, n (%)30 (26.8)82 (73.2)< 0.001
Charlson Comorbidity Index, mean ± SD2.1 ± 1.73.6 ± 2.3< 0.001
MMSE score, points, mean ± SD27.0 ± 2.525.1 ± 3.2< 0.001
Gait speed, m/sec, mean ± SD0.94 ± 0.350.57 ± 0.22< 0.001
ADL disability, n (%)5 (5.6%)23 (17.0%)0.01
IADL disability, n (%)43 (48.3%)108 (80.0%)< 0.001
NYHA Class 3 or 4, n (%)58 (32.6)120 (67.4)< 0.001
Lee index Score, mean ± SD9.2 ± 3.113.4 ± 3.2< 0.001
Frailty Index (FI), mean ± SD0.24 ± 0.110.38 ± 0.11< 0.001
  1. Note: Abbreviations: ADL activities of daily living, IADL instrumental activities of daily living, MMSE mini mental state exam, NYHA New York Heart Association, SAVR surgical aortic valve replacement, SD standard deviation, STS Society of Thoracic Surgeons, TAVR transcatheter aortic valve replacement