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Table 2 Baseline Characteristics of the APEP Participants (n = 190)

From: Augmented exercise in hospital improves physical performance and reduces negative post hospitalization events: a randomized controlled trial

VariableControl Group (n = 95)Intervention Group (n = 95)
N (%)N (%)
Female39 (41%)61 (64%)
Smoke
Never57 (60%)55 (58%)
Former26 (27%)26 (27%)
Current12 (13%)14 (15%)
Marital Status
single21 (22%)17 (18%)
partner33 (35%)30 (32%)
widowed41 (43%)48 (51%)
Alcohol
Never/Former74 (78%)73 (77%)
Current21 (22%)22 (23%)
SHARE F-I category
Not Frail3 (3%)7 (7%)
Pre-frail18 (20%)14 (15%)
Frail74 (77%)74 (78%)
No of falls
none50 (53%)49 (52%)
1–231 (32%)34 (36%)
  > 214 (14%)12 (13%)
IND
Independent Walking10 (11%)14 (15%)
Not Independently Walking84 (89%)81 (85%)
 Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Age81.7 (7.3)79.7 (7.5)
BMI (kg/m2)26.8 (6.8)26.3 (6.5)
No. of medications6.9 (3.87)7.2 (3.9)
CIRS-G10 (3.9)10.3 (4)
VAS SR Health52.9 (18.9)56.5 (18.7)
FacA3.49 (0.77)3.59 (0.9)
 Median (IQR)Median (IQR)
6CIT Score6 (2–16)8 (2–18)
FES-I3.7 (2.8–4.6)3.8 (2.7–4.6)
Walking Speed (m/s)11.3 (7.4–17.2)10 (7.6–14.9)
SPPB score3 (2–4)3 (2–5)
PreN-EADL6 (0–11)7 (0–13)
N-EADL2 (0–4)1 (0–4)
  1. Abbreviations and possible score ranges: CIRS-G: Cumulative Illness Rating Scale-Geriatrics [higher score reflects greater impairment in several systems, range 0–56]; 6CIT: 6-Item Cognitive Impairment Test [a higher score reflects a higher cognitive impairment, range 0–28]; SHARE FI: Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe Frailty Index [a higher score reflects a higher level of frailty, range − 2.55 to 6.505]; FES-I: Falls Efficacy Scale-International [a higher score reflects a greater concern about falling, range 0–64]; SPPB: Short Physical Performance Battery [a higher score reflects a better physical performance, range 0–12]; IND: ability to walk independently on level surfaces. PreN-EADL: Premorbid Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living [a higher score reflects a better level of independence, range 0–22]; N-EADL: Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living on Admission [a higher score reflects a better level of independence, range 0–22]; VAS SR Health (EQ 5D5L): Visual Analogue Scale EuroQol 5-Domain 5-Level, [range 1–100]; FacA: Functional Ambulatory Classification on Admission [a higher score reflects a better level of ambulation, range 0–6]