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Table 7 Determinants of DRPs among geriatric patients admitted from April to July to medical and surgical wards of JUMC, Ethiopia, 2017

From: Drug related problems in admitted geriatric patients: the impact of clinical pharmacist interventions

 Univariable logistic regression analysisMultivariate logistic regression analysis
DeterminantsYes, n (%)No, n (%)P valueCOR (95% C.I)P valueAOR (95% C.I)
Sex
 Male108 (66.3)27 (73 s) Reference Reference
 Female55 (33.7)10 (27)0.431.37 (0.62–3.04)0.331.6 (0.62–4.12)
Marital status
 Married128 (78.5)30 (81.1) Reference Reference
 Divorced4 (2.5)2 (5.4)0.390.47 (0.08–2.68)0.721.2 (0.4–3.9)
 Widowed31 (19)5 (13.5)0.481.45 (0.52–4.04)0.125.7 (0.6–52)
Educational level
 Educated56 (34.4)12 (32.4) Reference Reference
 No formal education107 (65.6)25 (67.6)0.821.09 (0.51–2.33)0.421.2 (0.4–3.2)
Reliance on care giver
 No39 (23.9)11 (29.7) Reference Reference
 Yes124 (76.1)26 (70.3)0.4631.35 (0.61–2.96)0.551.3 (0.5–3.5)
Economic status
  ≥ 800 Birr61 (37.4)12 (32.4) Reference Reference
  < 800 Birr102 (62.6)25 (67.6)0.570.80 (0.38–1.71)0.481.4 (0.5–3.6)
Residence
 Urban52 (31.9)11 (29.7) Reference Reference
 Rural111 (68.1)26 (70.3)0.790.903 (0.415–1.966)0.470.7 (0.3–1.8)
Polypharmacy
 No97 (59.5)32 (86.5) Reference Reference
 Yes66 (40.5)5 (13.5)0.0044.36 (1.61–11.75)0.023.35 (1.21–9.26)
 Comorbidities, mean (SD)2.20 (1.157)0.0061.79 (1.18–2.71)0.041.588 (1.03–2.45)
  1. COR Crude odds ratio, AOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence Interval