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Table 4 Cox regression analysis after initiation of enteral feeding and parenteral nutrition

From: Long‐term prognosis of enteral feeding and parenteral nutrition in a population aged 75 years and older: a population‐based cohort study

  Non-malignancies Malignancies
Hazard ratio 95% CI p Hazard ratio 95% CI p
Gender
 Male 1.61 1.47 1.77 < 0.001 1.16 0.96 1.39 0.124
 Female Reference   Reference  
Age
 ≥ 85 1.48 1.34 1.62 < 0.001 1.43 1.18 1.74 < 0.001
 76–84 Reference   Reference  
Comorbidities (CCI)
 0–1 0.86 0.75 0.99 0.029  
 2–3 1.07 0.94 1.22 0.286 0.68 0.57 0.82 < 0.001
 ≥ 4 Reference   Reference  
Hospital type
 DPC 0.85 0.75 0.95 0.007 0.84 0.67 1.05 0.121
 Non-DPC Reference   Reference  
Hospital beds
 ≥ 200 1.03 0.91 1.17 0.654 1.04 0.79 1.36 0.79
 < 200 Reference   Reference  
Hospital area
 Capital city 0.68 0.55 0.86 0.001 1.13 0.73 1.77 0.583
 Eastern 0.62 0.50 0.78 < 0.001 1.23 0.77 1.98 0.392
 Western 0.82 0.66 1.03 0.084 1.13 0.71 1.78 0.61
 Central 0.70 0.55 0.87 0.002 1.13 0.73 1.75 0.581
 Southern Reference   Reference  
Enteral feeding and parenteral nutrition
 Secondary GS 0.43 0.34 0.54 < 0.001 0.42 0.28 0.64 < 0.001
 Primary GS 0.51 0.40 0.64 < 0.001 0.46 0.32 0.68 < 0.001
 NGT 0.71 0.58 0.87 0.001 0.66 0.54 0.80 < 0.001
 PN Reference   Reference  
  1. CI confidence interval, CCI Charlson Comorbidity Index, DPC/PDPS Diagnosis Procedure Combination and Per-Diem Payment System, GS gastrostomy, NGT nasogastric tube feeding, PN parenteral nutrition