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Table 3 Mortality within 730 days after initiating primary GS, secondary GS, NGT, and PN

From: Long‐term prognosis of enteral feeding and parenteral nutrition in a population aged 75 years and older: a population‐based cohort study

  GS NGT PN
Primary Secondary
Mortality (Deatha/At riskb)
 Non-malignant diseases
  30 days 7% (25/348) 7% (22/328) 17% (336/2029) 21% (29/135)
  180 days 31% (106/343) 27% (87/324) 44% (866/1990) 56% (75/135)
  365 days 46% (156/339) 40% (129/320) 55% (1080/1978) 70% (95/135)
  730 days 66% (223/338) 58% (184/316) 68% (1328/1967) 83% (112/135)
 Malignancies
  30 days - (<10c/47) - (<10c/39) 24% (80/327) 21% (57/273)
  180 days 39% (18/46) 31% (12/39) 54% (176/326) 67% (183/272)
  365 days 52% (24/46) 56% (22/39) 62% (202/326) 78% (212/272)
  730 days 71% (32/45) 67% (26/39) 74% (242/326) 87% (237/272)
  1. GS gastrostomy, NGT nasogastric tube feeding, PN parenteral nutrition
  2. aNumber of participants who were dead at each point in time
  3. bNumber of participants excluding non-death censors at each point in time
  4. cWhen the number of the patients was less than 10 (except 0), the value was not disclosed, according to the cell size suppression policy of the national health insurance data