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Table 2 Characteristics of patients who received four types of enteral feeding and parenteral nutrition

From: Long‐term prognosis of enteral feeding and parenteral nutrition in a population aged 75 years and older: a population‐based cohort study

  Non-malignancies Malignancies
GS NGT PN   GS NGT PN  
Primary Secondary     Primary Secondary    
N = 352 N = 331 N = 2042 N = 135 p* N = 48 N = 39 N = 328 N = 273 p*
Female, n (%) 215 (61) 200 (60) 1143 (56) 81 (60) 0.155 17 (35) 14 (36) 107 (33) 122 (45) 0.024
Age ≥ 85 years, n (%) 207 (59) 177 (53) 1077 (53) 82 (61) 0.069 25 (52) 14 (36) 125 (38) 65 (24) < 0.001
Total CCI score, n (%)      < 0.001      0.244
 0–1 132 (38) 119 (36) 910 (45) 49 (36)   0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 2–3 132 (38) 132 (40) 794 (39) 50 (37)   22 (46) 11 (28) 134 (41) 99 (36)  
 ≥ 4 88 (25) 80 (24) 338 (17) 36 (27)   26 (54) 28 (72) 194 (59) 174 (64)  
Major underlying diseases, n (%)
 Cerebrovascular disease 58 (16) 95 (29) 598 (29) <10a < 0.001 0 (0) <10a 39 (12) <10a < 0.001
 Neuromuscular diseases 22 (6) 24 (7) 68 (3) <10a 0.001 0 (0) <10a <10a <10a 0.005
 Dementia 14 (4) <10a 38 (2) 0 (0) 0.022 0 (0) 0 (0) <10a 0 (0) 0.220
 Pneumonia 128 (36) 81 (24) 290 (14) 32 (24) < 0.001 13 (27) <10a 28 (9) 12 (4) < 0.001
Hospital types, n (%)
 DPC/PDPS 137 (39) 165 (50) 1544 (76) 63 (47) < 0.001 25 (52) 20 (51) 262 (80) 199 (73) < 0.001
Hospital beds, n (%)      < 0.001      < 0.001
 < 200 200 (57) 165 (50) 399 (20) 60 (44)   20 (42) 14 (36) 40 (12) 65 (24)  
 ≥ 200 152 (43) 166 (50) 1643 (80) 75 (56)   28 (58) 25 (64) 288 (88) 208 (76)  
Hospital area, n (%)      < 0.001      < 0.001
 Capital City 94 (27) 71 (21) 420 (21) 27 (20)   <10a <10a 68 (21) 68 (25)  
 Eastern 28 (8) 40 (12) 842 (41) 17 (13)   <10a <10a 130c (40) 39 (14)  
 Western 123 (35) 110 (33) 317 (16) 50b (37)   16 (33) 14 (36) 42 (13) 80 (29)  
 Central 83 (24) 77 (23) 386 (19) 40 (30)   14 (29) <10a 82 (25) 66 (24)  
 Southern 24 (7) 33 (10) 77 (4) <10a   <10a <10a <10a 20 (7)  
  1. GS gastrostomy, NGT nasogastric tube feeding, PN parenteral nutrition, CCI Charlson Comorbidity Index, DPC/PDPS Diagnosis Procedure Combination and Per-Diem Payment System
  2. *Chi-square test
  3. aWhen the number of the patients was less than 10 (except 0), the value was not disclosed, according to the cell size suppression policy of the national health insurance data
  4. bIn the non-malignancy category, the number of PN in the Western hospital area was rounded to prevent back-calculation of the number of PN in the Southern area
  5. cIn the malignancy category, the number of NGT in the Eastern hospital area was rounded to prevent back-calculation of the number of NGT in the Southern area