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Table 1 Patient characteristics at time of referral, reason of referral and mortality during the ED visit or during the subsequent hospitalization (N = 348), N (%)

From: Life-sustaining treatment preferences in older patients when referred to the emergency department for acute geriatric assessment: a descriptive study in a Dutch hospital

  Referred by elderly care physician, N = 69 Referred by GP, N = 279 Total, N = 348
Age, per category
60–74 10 (14.5) 22 (7.9) 32 (9.2)
75–84 26 (37.7) 110 (39.4) 136 (39.1)
85–94 28 (40.6) 135 (48.4) 163 (46.8)
  ≥ 95 years 5 (7.2) 12 (4.3) 17 (4.9)
Sex
Female 43 (62.3) 172 (61.6) 215 (61.8)
Living situation
Nursing home 69 (100) 69 (19.8)
At home, with: 279 (100)
  - No home care services 99 (35.5) 99 (28.4)
  - Home care services 176 (63.1) 176 (50.6)
  - Unknown amount of services 4 (1.4) 4 (1.1)
Mobility
Walking
  - Independent 4 (5.8) 66 (23.7) 70 (20.1)
  - With walking aid (walking stick/wheeled walker) 32 (46.4) 193 (69.2) 225 (64.7)
Wheelchair dependent 31 (44.9) 14 (5.0) 45 (12.9)
Unknown 2 (2.9) 6 (2.2) 8 (2.3)
Presence of a cognitive disorder
Yes 60 (87.0) 151 (54.1) 211 (60.6)
No 6 (8.7) 125 (44.8) 131 (37.6)
Unknown 3 (4.3) 3 (1.1) 6 (1.7)
Charlson comorbidity index (CCI)
 0 1 (1.4) 36 (12.9) 37 (10.6)
 1–2 32 (46.4) 160 (57.3) 192 (55.2)
  ≥ 3 36 (52.2) 81 (29.0) 117 (33.6)
 Unknown 0 (0.0) 2 (0.7) 2 (0.6)
Number of prescriptions
 0 0 (0.0) 5 (1.8) 5 (1.4)
 1–5 3 (4.3) 78 (28.0) 81 (23.3)
 6–10 22 (31.9) 114 (40.9) 136 (39.1)
 11–15 28 (40.6) 63 (22.6) 91 (26.1)
  > 15 14 (20.3) 18 (6.5) 32 (9.2)
 Unknown 2 (2.9) 1 (0.4) 3 (0.9)
Category of the main reason for referral
Internal medicine 31 (44.9) 105 (37.6) 136 (39.1)
Acute cognitive decline 17 (24.6) 92 (33.0) 109 (31.3)
Functional decline 3 (4.3) 46 (16.5) 49 (14.1)
Pulmonological 5 (7.2) 11 (3.9) 16 (4.6)
Neurological 5 (7.2) 10 (3.6) 15 (4.3)
Psychiatric 3 (4.3) 6 (2.2) 9 (2.6)
Chronic cognitive decline 3 (4.3) 4 (1.4) 7 (2.0)
Cardiological 2 (2.9) 5 (1.8) 7 (2.0)
Number of hospitalizations during one year before ED visit
 0 48 (69.6) 195 (69.9) 243 (69.8)
 1 13 (18.8) 50 (17.9) 63 (18.1)
  ≥ 2 8 (11.6) 34 (12.2) 42 (12.1)
Mortality during ED visit or during the subsequent hospitalization 7 (10.1) 17 (6.1) 24 (6.9)
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