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Table 3 BPSD-score, BPSD-caregivers´ distress, functional capacity and QoL results at baseline

From: Physical exercise for individuals with dementia: potential benefits perceived by formal caregivers

  Exercise Group
(n = 4 about 38 IwD)
Control Group
(n = 5 about 26 IwD)
pa
BPSD – Score (points)
 Delusions 0.97 ± 1.92 1.15 ± 2.75 0.759
 Hallucinations 0.61 ± 1.48 1.31 ± 3.37 0.259
 Agitation 1.79 ± 3.01 2.35 ± 3.07 0.473
 Dysphoria 1.11 ± 2.04 1.54 ± 2.67 0.465
 Anxiety 1.89 ± 2.72 2.58 ± 3.08 0.354
 Euphoria 0.84 ± 2.39 1.81 ± 3.64 0.205
 Apathy 1.39 ± 2.33 1.27 ± 2.55 0.839
 Disinhibition 1.37 ± 2.73 2.42 ± 4.09 0.220
 Irritability 1.82 ± 3.27 2.31 ± 3.67 0.576
 Aberrant motor activity 1.45 ± 2.71 1.04 ± 2.46 0.540
 Night behavioral disturbances 1.13 ± 2.22 1.38 ± 2.77 0.687
 Appetite/eating abnormalities 1.55 ± 3.00 2.35 ± 3.81 0.355
 NPI Total 15.92 ± 18.42 21.5 ± 26.66 0.325
BPSD – Caregivers´ Distress (points)
 Delusions 0.82 ± 1.31 0.77 ± 1.37 0.890
 Hallucinations 0.53 ± 1.03 0.73 ± 1.37 0.499
 Agitation 1.11 ± 1.71 1.38 ± 1.58 0.510
 Dysphoria 0.82 ± 1.41 1.12 ± 1.58 0.430
 Anxiety 1.11 ± 1.39 1.5 ± 1.48 0.281
 Euphoria 0.47 ± 1.06 0.92 ± 1.44 0.155
 Apathy 0.79 ± 1.21 0.96 ± 1.46 0.609
 Disinhibition 0.79 ± 1.28 1.04 ± 1.58 0.490
 Irritability 0.97 ± 1.46 1.19 ± 1.47 0.560
 Aberrant motor activity 0.87 ± 1.19 0.65 ± 1.26 0.492
 Night behavioral disturbances 0.68 ± 1.30 0.88 ± 1.48 0.568
 Appetite/eating abnormalities 0.89 ± 1.52 1.23 ± 1.75 0.417
NPI Total - Distress 8.87 ± 10.01 11.19 ± 14.13 0.444
Functional Capacity (points)
 Bathing 1.74 ± 0.89 1.81 ± 0.75 0.740
 Dressing 2.00 ± 1.09 1.88 ± 1.07 0.677
 Toileting 2.47 ± 0.80 2.00 ± 1.20 0.062
 Transferring 2.53 ± 0.80 2.08 ± 1.13 0.066
 Incontinence 2.61 ± 0.82 2.12 ± 0.91 0.029*
 Feeding 2.71 ± 0.87 2.19 ± 1.39 0.070
Total Katz 14.11 ± 3.90 12.00 ± 4.95 0.062
Quality of Life (points)
Total QoL-AD (points) 24.13 ± 5.07 22.27 ± 5.30 0.162
  1. a Student’s t-test; * p ≤ 0.05