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Table 1 Description of the exercise intervention

From: Physical exercise for individuals with dementia: potential benefits perceived by formal caregivers

Sessions
Main-parts
Warm-up Aerobic Resistance Strength /Balance & Coordination Stretching & Cool down
Exercises General activation + joint mobilization + Stretching exercises E.g. Stationary walk, range of motion exercises for the shoulders, hip, knees, and ankles; chest stretch; sit and reach; knee to chest; seated forward bend Aerobic exercises in stationary position or chair based.
E.g. Stationary walk & chair-based exercises:
- Seated jumping jacks;
- Seated running;
- Seated rowing;
- Seated tap dance.
Strength exercises involving mainly major upper and lower body muscle groups + balance & coordination exercises.
E.g. one leg-stand; heel-to-toe walk, bodyweight shifting.
Stretching exercises involving mainly major upper and lower body muscle groups + respiratory exercises.
E.g. chest stretch; sit and reach; knee to chest; seated forward bend; deep breathing, Huff cough, Diaphragmatic breathing.
1st & 2nd months
Time 10 min 5 + 5 + 5 min 15 min 5 min
Training Load   55–65% HRmax Strength exercises:
4 × 10–15 reps
Static balance + coordination: 2 exercises
 
3rd & 4th months
Time 8 min 10 + 5 min 22 min 5 min
Training
Load
  60–75% HRmax Strength exercises:
5–6 × 10–15 reps
Static & Dynamic balance + coordination:
2 exercises
 
5th & 6th months
Time 5 min 15 min 30 min 5 min
Training
Load
  65–80% HRmax Strength exercises:
6 × 10–15 reps
Static & Dynamic balance + coordination:2–3 exercises