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Table 3 Odds ratios for difficulty in toileting

From: Bathing and toileting difficulties of older adults in rural China: the role of environment

  Both Sexes Men Women
Total Ages
55–74
Ages
75+
Total Ages
55–74
Ages
75+
Total Ages
55–74
Ages
75+
Toileting facility
 Pedestal pan indoors (Squatting indoors) 2.67* 3.00* 2.23# 3.75* 6.03* 2.04 1.95# 1.62 2.63$
 Bucket indoors (Squatting indoors) 6.69* 5.95* 7.38* 8.26* 9.87* 6.65* 6.05* 4.43* 9.75*
 Outdoors (Squatting indoors) 1.60# 1.57$ 1.69$ 1.48 1.76 1.29 1.79# 1.53 2.44$
Neighborhood amenity [scores 0–20] 0.94# 0.92# 0.98 0.95 0.91# 1.02 0.93# 0.93$ 0.94
Region
 Northeast (North) 1.23 1.22 1.27 1.16 1.67 0.42 1.30 0.89 2.86
 East (North) 0.43* 0.41* 0.49$ 0.42# 0.43$ 0.36$ 0.42# 0.36# 0.67
 Central South (North) 0.58# 0.50# 0.73 0.47$ 0.34# 0.36 0.67 0.59 0.97
 Southwest (North) 0.84 0.90 0.74 1.05 1.10 0.83 0.65 0.70 0.65
 Northwest (North) 0.64 0.61 0.66 0.64 0.75 0.56 0.62 0.52 0.81
Age 1.06* 1.05# 1.10* 1.05* 1.04 1.07 1.07* 1.06# 1.13*
Women (men) 0.83 0.86 0.78
Self-reported health:
 Fair (good) 2.99* 2.98* 3.10# 3.64* 3.89* 3.57# 2.34# 2.17$ 2.77$
 Bad (good) 11.37* 10.65* 13.35* 16.15* 17.59* 15.94* 7.81* 6.58* 11.88*
Having 1 chronic disease (no) 1.01 0.91 1.28 1.09 0.83 1.66 0.98 0.99 1.02
Having 1 year schooling (no) 0.78$ 0.76 0.81 0.75 0.83 0.65 0.82 0.72 1.17
Economic condition
 Fair (bad) 0.75$ 0.89 0.55# 0.78 0.67 0.93 0.73 1.16 0.31*
 Good (bad) 0.59* 0.59# 0.54# 0.57# 0.51$ 0.67 0.60$ 0.70 0.43$
Non-agriculture job (agriculture) 1.42$ 1.45$ 1.34 1.34 1.30 1.36 1.59 1.75 1.20
Living arrangements
 Live with spouse only (live alone) 1.47$ 1.21 1.59 1.26 0.92 1.78 1.60 1.54 0.77
 Live with children (live alone) 1.80* 1.36 2.33* 1.48 1.30 1.55 2.07* 1.44 3.00*
 Live with others (live alone) 1.34 1.19 1.34 0.45 0.36 0.49 2.37$ 1.95 3.22
-Log Likelihood 1416.4* 915.2* 490.5* 674.6* 431.0* 231.9* 729.7* 469.4* 242.0*
# of individuals 10,689 8,261 2428 5437 4245 1192 5252 4016 1236
  1. Note: The category in the parentheses is the reference group of a variable. *p < 0.001, #p < 0.01, $p < 0.05
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