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Table 2 Odds ratios for difficulty in bathing

From: Bathing and toileting difficulties of older adults in rural China: the role of environment

  Both Sexes Men Women
Total Ages
55–74
Ages
75+
Total Ages
55–74
Ages
75+
Total Ages
55–74
Ages
75+
Bathing facility
 Bathing indoors at home (showering indoors at home) 1.52* 1.34$ 1.96* 1.62* 1.43$ 2.05# 1.49# 1.34 1.90#
 Bathing in public facility (showering indoors at home) 1.46# 1.05 2.61* 1.55$ 1.27 2.36# 1.48$ 0.91 3.33*
 Bathing outdoors (showering indoors at home) 2.11* 1.35 3.67* 2.45* 1.65 4.23* 1.83 1.08 3.44$
Neighborhood amenity [scores 0–20] 0.94* 0.92* 0.96 0.98 0.95 1.01 0.91* 0.89* 0.93$
Region
 Northeast (North) 0.99 1.07 0.86 0.82 0.93 0.60 1.14 1.17 1.16
 East (North) 0.48* 0.48* 0.47# 0.63$ 0.64 0.53 0.39* 0.37* 0.41#
 Central South (North) 0.38* 0.34* 0.41* 0.51# 0.47# 0.50 0.30* 0.26* 0.35#
 Southwest (North) 0.49* 0.54* 0.40* 0.63$ 0.66 0.48 0.40* 0.43# 0.34#
 Northwest (North) 1.08 0.80 2.00$ 1.29 1.15 1.77 0.95 0.59 2.49
Age 1.09* 1.06* 1.10* 1.08* 1.05# 1.07# 1.11* 1.07* 1.12*
Women (men) 0.89 0.84 1.06
Self-reported health:
 Fair (good) 3.31* 3.57* 3.10* 3.52* 3.90* 3.14* 3.12* 3.19* 3.23*
 Bad (good) 8.89* 8.79* 9.53* 9.71* 10.48* 9.34* 8.41* 7.35* 10.71*
Having 1 chronic disease (no) 1.42* 1.34$ 1.53# 1.40$ 1.16 1.79# 1.44# 1.60$ 1.29
Having 1 year schooling (no) 0.79# 0.70* 0.98 0.69# 0.66$ 0.72 0.87 0.70$ 1.39
Economic condition
 Fair (bad) 0.95 0.92 1.03 0.95 0.73 1.74 0.95 1.15 0.66
 Good (bad) 0.83 0.72$ 1.00 0.74 0.57$ 1.31 0.91 0.87 0.81
Non-agriculture job (agriculture) 1.13 1.22 0.94 1.06 1.13 0.88 1.35 1.48 1.17
Living arrangements
 Live with spouse only (live alone) 1.22 1.10 1.28 1.20 1.06 1.52 1.30 1.18 1.03
 Live with children (live alone) 1.90* 1.61$ 2.13* 1.94* 1.88$ 2.07$ 1.89* 1.44 2.19*
 Live with others (live alone) 1.32 0.90 1.76 0.82 0.56 1.02 1.80 1.15 2.67$
-Log Likelihood 2237.0* 1352.7* 861.3* 1072.2* 666.5* 393.6* 1151.1* 675.3* 453.0*
# of individuals 10,689 8,261 2428 5437 4,245 1,192 5252 4016 1236
  1. Note: The category in the parentheses is the reference group of a variable. *p < 0.001, #p < 0.01, $p < 0.05
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