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Table 1 Description of the sample

From: Bathing and toileting difficulties of older adults in rural China: the role of environment

  Total Ages 55–74 Ages 75 Men Women
Sample size 10,689 8261 2428 5437 5252
Difficulty in Bathing (%) 7.4 4.8 16.2 6.6 8.1
Difficulty in Toileting (%) 4.0 2.9 7.5 3.8 4.1
Bathing facility (%)
 Showering indoors at home 42.4 44.8 34.2 43.0 41.7
 Bathing indoors at home 40.3 37.0 51.5 37.9 42.8
 Bathing in public facility 14.4 15.4 11.3 15.5 13.4
 Bathing outdoors 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.6 2.2
Toileting facility (%)
 Squatting indoors 29.5 29.3 30.2 29.7 29.3
 Pedestal pan indoors 24.0 23.5 25.9 23.0 25.1
 Bucket indoors 4.4 3.2 8.5 4.2 4.6
 Outdoors 42.1 44.1 35.4 43.1 41.1
Neighborhood amenity (mean, SD) (ranges 0–20) 18.8 (3.1) 18.8 (3.1) 18.8 (3.1) 18.8 (3.1) 18.8 (3.1)
Region (%)
 North 10.8 11.8 7.4 10.6 11.0
 Northeast 6.0 6.4 4.8 6.0 6.0
 East 43.8 42.0 49.8 44.6 43.0
 Central South 19.4 19.3 19.7 18.5 20.3
 Southwest 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.8 14.2
 Northwest 5.0 5.5 3.4 4.6 5.5
Age (mean, SD) (ranges 55–99) 69.0 (7.4) 65.8 (4.5) 79.9 (4.2) 68.9 (7.2) 69.2 (7.6)
Women (%) 49.1 48.6 50.9 0 100
Self-reported health (%)
 Bad 18.6 16.9 24.5 15.4 21.9
 Fair 34.5 34.0 36.3 33.4 35.7
 Good 46.9 49.1 39.3 51.2 42.4
Having 1 chronic disease (%) 61.5 61.0 63.2 57.7 65.4
Having 1 year schooling (%) 65.6 71.3 46.3 79.6 51.1
Economic condition (%)
 Bad 11.0 10.9 11.2 10.5 11.5
 Fair 31.5 31.7 30.8 31.7 31.3
 Good 57.5 57.4 58.0 57.9 57.1
Occupation (%)
 Agriculture 80.8 80.3 82.5 73.7 88.2
 Non-agriculture 19.2 19.7 17.5 26.3 11.8
Living arrangement (%)
 Live alone 11.7 9.1 20.4 9.9 13.6
 Live with spouse only 40.5 43.7 29.9 45.4 35.5
 Live with children and/or spouse 45.5 44.9 46.9 42.8 48.1
 Live with others 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.0 2.8
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