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Table 2 Outcome measures

From: Healthcare utilisation in the last year of life in internal medicine, young-old versus old-old

  Total
(n = 189)
Young-Old
(< 80 years old) (n = 57)
Old-Old
(≥80 years)
(n = 132)
P value
Healthcare utilisation
Total number of hospital admissions (mean, SD) 2.6 (2.0) 3.0 (2.2) 2.5 (1.9) 0.12
Total number of days spent in hospital during last year of life* (mean, SD) 24.8 (28.1) 30.5 (37.7) 22.3 (22.4) 0.04
ED admission (mean, SD) 2.7 (2.0) 3.0 (2.2) 2.6 (1.9) 0.20
Clinic visits* (mean, SD) 2.6 (4.1) 3.4 (4.9) 2.3 (3.2) 0.03
Length of stay in terminal admission (mean, SD) 8.5 (8.4) 9.3 (9.0) 8.1 (8.1) 0.20
End-of-life care
Radiological studies* Number (mean, SD) 3.7 (5.2) 5.2 (8.3) 3.1(2.8) 0.012
  1 (count, %) 58 (30.7) 16 (2.8) 42 (31.8)  
  2–5 102 (54.0) 27 (47.4) 75 (56.8)  
  6–10 18 (9.5) 7 (12.3) 11 (8.3)  
  > 10 15 (7.9) 12 (21.1) 3 (2.3)  
Antibiotics Use (count, %) 178 (94.2) 53 (93.0) 125 (94.7) 0.93
  Number of antibiotics (mean, SD) 1.8 (1.0) 1.8 (1.1) 1.8 (1.0)  
Symptom control (count, %)
  Opiates 128 (67.7) 43 (75.4) 85 (64.4) 0.14
  Sedatives 15 (7.9) 6 (10.5) 9 (6.8) 0.38
  Anti-cholinergic 58 (30.7) 19 (33.3) 39 (29.6) 0.61
  Anti-emetics 8 (4.3) 2 (3.5) 6 (4.6) 0.74
ACP (count, %)
  Referred 31 (16.4) 10 (17.5) 21 (15.9) 0.70
  Completed (out of referred ACP) 10 (32.3) 2 (20.0) 8 (38.1) 0.7
  1. ED emergency department, ACP advance care planning;
  2. * denotes p < 0.05