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Table 1 Demographic and health-related variables distribution by Y2 fall status, n (%)

From: Independent and synergistic effects of pain, insomnia, and depression on falls among older adults: a longitudinal study

Variables Total
(N = 2491-2558)
Fall
(n = 560–572)
No fall
(n = 1931-1977)
p
Age     0.016
 65–79 1741 (68.3) 367 (64.2) 1374 (69.5)  
 80–90+ 808 (31.7) 205 (35.8) 603 (30.5)  
Sex     0.106
 Female 1458 (57.2) 344 (60.1) 1114 (56.3)  
 Male 1091 (42.8) 228 (39.9) 863 (43.7)  
Education     0.416
 Less than high school 567 (22.4) 131 (23.0) 436 (22.2)  
 High school graduates 670 (26.5) 155 (27.2) 515 (26.3)  
 Some college or vocational school 623 (24.6) 125 (22.0) 498 (25.4)  
 Bachelor or higher 670 (26.5) 158 (27.8) 512 (26.1)  
Race     0.007
 White, non-Hispanic 1787 (70.1) 432 (75.5) 1355 (68.5)  
 Black, non-Hispanic 552 (21.7) 100 (17.5) 452 (22.9)  
 Hispanic 126 (4.9) 28 (4.9) 98 (4.9)  
 Indian/Asian/Native/Hawaii/Other 84 (3.3) 12 (2.1) 72 (3.6)  
Living     0.934
 Alone 825 (32.5) 188 (33.0) 637 (32.3)  
 With spouse/partner only 1127 (44.4) 255 (44.8) 872 (44.2)  
 With others only 338 (13.3) 72 (12.7) 266 (13.5)  
 With spouse/partner and with others 250 (9.8) 54 (9.5) 196 (10.0)  
BMI     0.700
 Normal (< 30 kg/m2) 1772 (71.1) 402 (71.8) 1370 (70.9)  
 Obesity (≥30 kg/m2) 719 (28.9) 158 (28.2) 561 (29.1)  
Smoking     0.717
 No 2371 (93.0) 534 (93.4) 1837 (92.9)  
 Yes 178 (7.0) 38 (6.6) 140 (7.1)  
Vigorous activities     0.155
 No 1496 (58.7) 350 (61.3) 1146 (58.0)  
 Yes 1052 (41.3) 221 (38.7) 831 (42.0)  
Number of chronic illnesses     < 0.001
 0 266 (10.4) 55 (9.6) 211 (10.7)  
 1–3 1773 (69.6) 359 (62.8) 1414 (71.5)  
 4+ 510 (20.0) 158 (27.6) 352 (17.8)  
Hospitalization     0.895
 None 2097 (82.3) 472 (82.5) 1625 (82.3)  
 At least one hospitalization 450 (17.7) 100 (17.5) 350 (17.7)