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Table 3 Binary logistic regression of socio-demographic characteristics and living arrangement in association with sufficient FV intake among persons age 60 years or over (N = 2048)

From: The influence of co-residential and non-co-residential living arrangements on sufficient fruit and vegetable consumption in the aging population in Thailand

Variables Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Sex (Reference group = Male)
 Female 1.491 (1.193–1.864)***
Age (years) (Reference group = 80 or over)
 60–64 1.112 (0.700–1.768)
 65–69 1.250 (0.792–1.973)
 70–79 1.226 (0.785–1.915)
Marital Status (Reference group = Single)
 Married 0.715 (0.385–1.327)
 Widowed/divorced/separated 0.646 (0.352–1.188)
Place of residence (Reference group = Rural)
 Urban 1.355 (1.107–1.659)**
Educational attainment (Reference group = No education)
 Primary 1.282 (0.964–1.705)
 Secondary 1.420 (0.946–2.131)
 Bachelor’s or higher degree 1.925 (1.103–3.360)*
Occupation (Reference group = Unemployed)
 Farmer 1.498 (1.141–1.967)**
 Non-farmer 1.032 (0.787–1.352)
Personal income (baht per month) (Reference group = no income)
 Below 10,000 1.416 (1.065–1.884)*
 10,000-19,999 1.684 (1.113–2.546)*
 20,000 or higher 1.260 (0.753–2.106)
Household size (Reference group = 1–2)
 3–4 0.600 (0.400–0.898)*
 5 or over 0.406 (0.265–0.621)***
Self-rated health (Reference group = Moderate/not good/bad)
 Good/very good 1.240 (1.009–1.523)*
Knowledge of FV (Reference group = Low/lowest)
 High/highest 1.409 (1.151–1.726)**
Exposure to a community campaign (Reference group = Low/lowest)
 High/highest 1.373 (1.122–1.680)**
Living arrangements (Reference group = Living alone)
 With at least one child 2.742 (1.560–4.819)***
 With spouse only 2.136 (1.270–3.591)**
 Skipped-generation 2.195 (1.224–3.937)**
 With relatives or/and non-relatives 2.223 (1.170–4.223)*
  1. Note(s): Cox & Snell R square = 0.059, *Sig. ≤ 0.05, **Sig ≤ 0.01, ***Sig ≤ 0.001