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Table 6 Cost analysis–robustness test

From: Long-term cost-utility analysis of remote monitoring of older patients with pacemakers: the PONIENTE study

Perspectives Variables All CM group RM group CM vs. RM Difference per patient
(n = 10,000) (n = 5000) (n = 5000)
Mean SD 95% CI Mean SD 95% CI Mean SD 95% CI Mean dif. p-value
Public Health System Physician (€) 206.44 130.58 (203.88–209) 207.96 160.31 (203.52–212.41) 204.92 91.68 (202.37–207.46) 3.05 0.244
Administrative (€) 15.76 9.67 (15.57–15.95) 14.74 11.36 (14.42–15.05) 16.78 7.47 (16.57–16.99) −2.04 < 0.001
Staff costs (Physician + Administrative) (€) 222.20 140.13 (219.45–224.95) 222.70 171.67 (217.94–227.46) 221.70 99.03 (218.95–224.44) 1.00 0.720
Transport in ambulance (€) 65.90 88.92 (64.16–67.64) 70.24 88.88 (67.77–72.7) 61.56 88.75 (59.1–64.02) 1.78 < 0.001
Consultation room (€) 7.06 5.67 (6.95–7.17) 9.02 6.95 (8.82–9.21) 5.10 2.87 (5.02–5.18) 3.91 < 0.001
Total PHS costs (€) 295.16 171.38 (291.8–298.52) 301.95 201.34 (296.37–307.53) 288.36 134.59 (284.63–292.09) 13.59 < 0.001
Patients and relatives Informal transport (€) 47.86 54.14 (46.8–48.92) 60.64 69.11 (58.72–62.55) 35.08 27.56 (34.31–35.84) 25.56 < 0.001
Lost income (€) 68.74 88.61 (67.01–70.48) 76.01 103.28 (73.14–78.87) 61.48 70.25 (59.53–63.43) 14.53 < 0.001
Total patients’ costs (€) 116.60 125.85 (114.13–119.07) 136.64 153.12 (132.4–140.89) 96.56 86.20 (94.17–98.95) 40.09 < 0.001
Total Costs   411.76 266.17 (406.54–416.97) 438.60 324.29 (429.6–447.59) 384.92 187.35 (379.72–390.11) 53.68 < 0.001
  1. CM Conventional monitoring; RM Remote monitoring
  2. Values are expressed as means and standard deviation (SD) (95% CI)