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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of study population

From: Can voucher scheme enhance primary care provision for older adults: cross-sectional study in Hong Kong

Characteristics Overall (n = 714) EHCV users (n = 618) Non-EHCV users (n = 96) p-value
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age
 70–74 173 (24.2) 127 (20.6) 46 (47.9) <  0.001
 75–79 190 (26.6) 172 (27.8) 18 (18.8)  
 80–84 202 (28.3) 183 (29.6) 19 (19.8)  
  ≥ 85 149 (20.9) 136 (22.0) 13 (13.5)  
Sex
 Male 363 (50.8) 302 (48.9) 61 (63.5) 0.007
 Female 351 (49.2) 316 (51.1) 35 (36.5)  
Marital status
 Single/ widowed/ divorced/ separated 256 (36.2) 224 (36.6) 32 (33.3) 0.536
 Married/ cohabitation 452 (63.8) 388 (63.4) 64 (66.7)  
Education level
 No schooling 177 (24.9) 161 (26.1) 16 (16.8) 0.083
 Primary 274 (38.5) 239 (38.7) 35 (36.8)  
 Secondary 200 (28.1) 164 (26.6) 36 (37.9)  
 Tertiary 61 (8.6) 53 (8.6) 8 (8.4)  
Self-rated health
 Very Poor/ Poor 136 (19.1) 122 (19.8) 14 (14.6) 0.466
 Fair 344 (48.2) 294 (47.6) 50 (52.1)  
 Good/ Very good 233 (32.7) 201 (32.6) 32 (33.3)  
Number of chronic conditions
 3 248 (34.7) 212 (34.3) 36 (37.5) 0.682
 4 175 (24.5) 156 (25.2) 19 (19.8)  
 5 120 (16.8) 102 (16.5) 18 (18.8)  
  ≥ 6 171 (23.9) 148 (23.9) 23 (24.0)  
Past 12-month health service use
 Public GOPC 533 (74.6) 456 (73.8) 77 (80.2) 0.178
 Public SOPC 398 (55.7) 354 (57.3) 44 (45.8) 0.036
 Private GP or FM clinic 228 (31.9) 211 (34.1) 17 (17.7) 0.001
 Private Chinese medicine clinic 106 (14.8) 100 (16.2) 6 (6.3) 0.011
 Hospitalization 312 (44.1) 276 (45.1) 36 (37.9) 0.188
 A & E attendance 337 (47.9) 298 (48.9) 39 (41.1) 0.153
Preventive care
 Seasonal Influenza vaccine 353 (50.0) 312 (51.1) 41 (43.2) 0.152
 Pneumococcal vaccine 206 (31.6) 189 (33.6) 17 (19.3) 0.008
Care continuity
 Visit same doctor for chronic disease management 626 (91.9) 540 (90.9) 86 (98.9) 0.011
  1. Abbreviations: EHCV Elderly Healthcare Voucher, GOPC General Outpatient Clinic, SOPC Specialist Outpatient Clinic, GP General Practitioner, FM Family Medicine, A & E Accident & Emergency
  2. Data were missing for the following variables: Education (n = 2), Marital status (n = 6), Self-rated health (n = 1), Hospitalization (n = 7), Accident & Emergency (n = 10), Seasonal Influenza vaccine (n = 8), Pneumococcal vaccine (n = 63), and Visit same doctor for chronic disease management (n = 33)