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Table 1 Baseline of patients in PEA and Control group

From: Precision implementation of early ambulation in elderly patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a randomized-controlled clinical trial

  PEA group
(n = 89)
Control group
(n = 89)
P-value
Age (years) 65.1 ± 4.6 66.2 ± 4.5 0.118
Female patients (%) 24 (27.0) 27 (30.3) 0.740
BMI (kg/m2) 25.8 ± 3.2 25.8 ± 2.6 0.908
Medical history
 Hypertension (%) 19 (21.3) 30 (33.7) 0.185
 Diabetes (%) 13 (14.6) 21 (23.6) 0.181
 Renal insufficiency (%) 2 (2.2) 5 (5.6) 0.444
 Cerebral infarction (%) 10 (11.2) 6 (6.7) 0.443
 Smoking (%) 29 (32.6) 27 (30.3) 0.875
 Preoperative ejection fraction (%) 59.2 ± 3.3 58.8 ± 3.7 0.536
 Euro Score 7.61 ± 2.14 7.79 ± 2.34 0.453
Number of heart bypasses 4.10 ± 0.45 4.11 ± 0.44 0.465
  1. Note: Data represent the mean ± standard deviation (SD) for continuous variables, and number of patients (n) and percentage (%) for categorical variables. BMI body mass index