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Table 2 Laboratory and radiological characteristics of COVID-19 positive patients at hospital admission

From: Older age and frailty are the chief predictors of mortality in COVID-19 patients admitted to an acute medical unit in a secondary care setting- a cohort study

Characteristics Total
215
Group-1
Alive
129
Group-2
Deceased
86
p-Value (Alive vs Deceased)
Haemoglobin, g/L 133 (120–146) 134 (122–148) 129 (118–143) 0.08
Neutrophil count, × 109/L 6 (4–9) 6 (4–8) 7 (4–9) 0.02
Lymphocyte count, × 109/L 0.9 (0.6–1.3) 0.9 (0.6–1.4) 0.8 (0.5–1.2) 0.03
New lymphopenia 85 (39.5) 49 (37.9) 36 (41.9) 0.57
Neutrophil: lymphocyte ratio 7 (4–13) 6 (4–11) 9 (5–18) 0.004
Platelet count, ×109/L 217 (161–270) 223 (162–270) 210 (155–265) 0.23
Albumin, g/L 30 (27–34) 31 (28–35) 29 (26–32) 0.01
Bilirubin, umol/L 12 (8–17) 12 (8–18) 11 (8–16) 0.86
Alanine transaminase, U/L 27 (18–45) 28 (18–48) 27 (19–39) 0.66
Alkaline phosphatase, U/L 81 (63–109) 79 (62–107) 85.5 (65–109) 0.35
C-reactive protein, mg/L 107 (56–177) 90 (41–164) 123 (72–189) 0.009
D-Dimer, ng/mL 610 (297–809) 559 (412–748) 775 (701–848) 0.04
eGFR, mL/min/1.73m2 67 (42–90) 77 (56–90) 48.5 (28–74) < 0.001
Acute kidney injury (any stage) 65 (30.2) 25 (19.4) 40 (46.5) < 0.001
Chest X-Ray report
 Suggestive of COVID-19 166 (79.8) 98 (77.8) 68 (82.9) 0.37
 Bilateral infiltrates 117 (56.2) 67 (53.2) 50 (61) 0.27
 Unilateral consolidation 48 (23.1) 31 (24) 17 (19.8) 0.46
  1. Continuous variables are expressed as median (interquartile range) and p-Value by Man-Whitney U test. Categorical variables are expressed as number (%) and p-Value by Chi-square test
  2. Missing albumin, alanine transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin in 32/215 patients. Missing c-reactive protein in 5/215 patients. D-Dimer available only from 15 patients. Missing chest X-ray report- 7 patients
  3. eGFR Estimated glomerular filtration rate calculated by CKD-EPI equation, U/L Units/litre